How do Psychologically Informed Planned Environments (PIPEs) contribute to the Integration of Desistance Narratives in Personality Disordered Offenders?
2019-07-30T14:30:22Z (GMT) by
Increasing attention is focussing on the role of environments in the rehabilitation of offenders, with a range of reported outcomes in the literature. Progression Psychologically Informed Planned Environments (PIPEs) are part of the Offender Personality Disorder (OPD) pathway, which follow specific environmental principles to enhance outcomes of risk reduction, promoting desistance and improving wellbeing for offenders with personality disorder, post intervention. The systematic literature review yielded 15 papers, that following appraisal, led to three themes emerging. 1) Factors required for successful environments included purpose and shared identity, safety, relationships, autonomy). 2) Factors that influence successful environments included intrinsic or extrinsic motivation, staff roles, perception from within, and 3) factors affected by successful environments including skills consolidation, change and growth, belonging, identity, and treatment readiness / readiness to change. The research project utilised Template Analysis (King, 2012) to examine participant narratives to explore the role that PIPE environments play in the reinforcement of narratives that relate to desistance in individuals with personality disorder diagnoses. Six themes emerged, allowing an insight into how an individuals’ narrative developed over time, and how this has changed. The provisional identification of the mechanisms at play in the confirmation of such narratives, include enhancing motivation, optimism, safety, opportunity to practise, connectedness / belonging and shared goals. The service evaluation explored the experiences of individuals residing on a progression PIPE at the point of transition. Main themes identified were labelled as “Destination Known”, “Making a Difference Together”, “Culture Clash”, “Desire to change” and “Lifting the Veil”. Findings support the role of PIPEs in improvements to residents’ wellbeing, health and behaviour, the development of positive relationships with each other, and confidence in staff and improved custodial behaviour.