Individual difference predictors of well-being among displaced persons who live under stressful conditions
2017-09-25T14:06:10Z (GMT) by
Background: The common concern surrounding the poor level of displaced life is that it might cause harmful psychological conditions. Another concern of displacement is the impact of conflict and the ability to survive in adverse situations. The reasons for conducting this thesis were developed through the literature review, and noticing a lack of studies that assess psychological issues such as well-being, resilience, prejudice and forgiveness among Syrian refugees and Iraqi displaced persons comprehensively. Research aims: In particular, the studies address three issues that are fundamental to understanding how the thesis is structured. The first issue is essential in examining how war has affected individuals’ well-being in short and long term of life engagement of the refugees. The second issue investigates the impact of the displacement situation on prejudices and the possibility of forgiveness after conflict and violence between groups of people. The final issue involves identifying the factors that might help individuals to survive and face any potentially harmful situation. Methods: The overall research sample includes 1,256 individuals of both genders. For collecting the data, self-report questionnaires and objective measures were used. Results: The results show that the research samples indicated poor levels of quality of life, well-being, forgiveness and resilience. Importantly, these findings reveal the significant role played by positive relation domains of psychological well-being in improving resilience and forgiveness. The research has also has shown that the psychological health domain of quality of life recorded the highest significant associations with resilience and psychological well-being. To Sum up, this thesis illustrates the importance of positive social relations, lower prejudice and greater resilience in predicting mental health states.