Investigation on Degradation of SiC MOSFET Under Surge Current Stress of Body Diode

Eliminating antiparallel silicon carbide Schottky barrier diode (SiC SBD) and making use of the intrinsic body diode of SiC metal-oxide-semiconductor-field-effect transistor (SiC MOSFET) offer a cost-effectiveness solution without obviously sacrificing the conversion efficiency in some power converter applications. Although the body diode of commercial SiC MOSFET has been qualified by several manufacturers, the reliability of SiC MOSFET under repetitive surge current stress of body diode has not been sufficiently studied. In this article, the new degradation phenomena of SiC MOSFET's gate oxide are observed, and the degradation mechanism is discussed when the intrinsic body diode of the 1200-V SiC planar gate MOSFETs was subjected to surge current stress. TCAD simulation and experimental measurements indicate that the generation and accumulation of electrons or holes within the gate oxide under surge current stress are the main reasons for the degradation of SiC MOSFET. Finally, a mitigation technique with optimal gate turn-off voltage is suggested to suppress the gate oxide degradation of the SiC MOSFET under surge current stress of its body diode.