Performance Analysis for Multi-hop Cognitive Radio Networks with Energy Harvesting by Using Stochastic Geometry
2020-04-02T15:33:58Z (GMT) by
- Cognitive multihop relaying has been widely considered for device-to-device (D2D) communications for applications in the physical layer of the Internet of Things. In this article, we construct a multihop cellular D2D communications system model with energy harvesting (EH) in underlay cognitive radio networks. The locations of primary user equipments (PUEs) and cellular base stations are considered as a Poisson point process in this model. The transmit power of secondary devices is collected from the power beacon with time-switching EH policy. Two charging policies for different applications are considered in this article. Then, the end-to-end outage probability analysis expressions of these two scenarios for the transmission scheme subject to interferences from PUEs are derived. The optimal harvesting time ratio is obtained to get the maximum capacity for end-to-end D2D communications. The analytical results are validated by performing the Monte Carlo simulation of the end-to-end outage probability, which is based on the half-duplex transmission scheme. The results of this article provide a potential pathway to reduce reliance on grid or battery energy supplies and, hence, further strengthen the benefits for the environment and deployment of future smart devices.