1/1
2 files

Epilogue : Landscapes and architecture: the Cork & Bandon railway today

chapter
posted on 12.11.2015, 11:10 by Richard J. Butler
It is a truism that before humans set foot in Ireland there was land, water, and nature. In a similar way, before railways were planned and built in the nineteenth century, there were hills and valleys, rivers, forests, as well as the hallmarks of centuries of human activity: roads small and large, villages, and towns, woven together by centuries-old economic and social ties. This human activity was at every stage affected by the landscape : rivers dictated settlement patterns, and mountains separated communities. In time this relationship was inverted as the landscape was in turn altered by streams diverted to power mills, forests felled and cut up, estates planned , and so on. The railways continued this process of reforming the rural landscape, and the new specifications so characteristic of the engineering of the period–gradient and curvature–necessitated bolder and more magnificent disturbances of the natural environment. [First paragraph]

History

Citation

Butler, RJ, Landscapes and architecture: the Cork & Bandon railway today, 'The Railways of West Cork: Reflections and Reminiscences', 2014, pp. 173-185

Author affiliation

/Organisation/COLLEGE OF SOCIAL SCIENCES, ARTS AND HUMANITIES/School of History

Version

AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Published in

Butler

Publisher

Digital Print Media Ltd, St Neots, Cambridgeshire

Acceptance date

01/08/2013

Copyright date

2014

Available date

12/11/2015

Language

en

Usage metrics

Categories

Keywords

Exports