Dataset to accompany manuscript. "Less is more" (Maltby & Hall, 2021; under submission)
datasetposted on 21.07.2021, 13:41 by John MaltbyJohn Maltby
Due to the plethora of assessments of resilience in the literature, the current paper established the latent factors underlying a multitude of direct assessment of trait resilience or proxy assessments of trait resilience drawn from multiple psychological perspectives. Study 1 (n=849 from respondents in the USA and UK) demonstrates four latent factors (recovery, sustainability, adaptability, and social cohesion) among 61 direct and proxy (e.g. personality, intelligence, health, well-being, and emotional regulation models) assessments of resilience. Three of these four factors are best described within a three-factor model of ecological resilience, with an additional factor representing social aspects of resilience. Study 2 (using a representative sample from the UK, n=340) replicates the factors using the best indicators of the four factors found in Study 1. A bi-factor model of the four factors provided the best fit of data, with evidence of measurement invariance for the five-factor model of anger across broad groups for gender, age, and ethnicity. The current findings point to researchers adopting a ‘mixed-model’ of resilience in which direct assessments of resilience alongside cognate psychological measures could be employed to improve the evaluation of resilience.