A Novel Mechanism for Calmodulin-Dependent Inactivation of Transient Receptor Potential Vanilloid 6
journal contributionposted on 09.05.2018, 10:41 by Neil Bate, Rachel E. Caves, Simon P. Skinner, Benjamin T. Goult, Jaswir Basran, John S. Mitcheson, Geerten W. Vuister
The paralogues TRPV5 and TRPV6 belong to the vanilloid subfamily of the transient receptor potential (TRP) superfamily of ion channels, and both play an important role in overall Ca2+ homeostasis. The functioning of the channels centers on a tightly controlled Ca2+-dependent feedback mechanism in which the direct binding of the universal Ca2+-binding protein calmodulin (CaM) to the channel's C-terminal tail is required for channel inactivation. We have investigated this interaction at the atomic level and propose that under basal cellular Ca2+ concentrations CaM is constitutively bound to the channel's C-tail via CaM C-lobe only contacts. When the cytosolic Ca2+ concentration increases charging the apo CaM N-lobe with Ca2+, the CaM:TRPV6 complex rearranges and the TRPV6 C-tail further engages the CaM N-lobe via a crucial interaction involving L707. In a cellular context, mutation of L707 significantly increased the rate of channel inactivation. Finally, we present a model for TRPV6 CaM-dependent inactivation, which involves a novel so-called "two-tail" mechanism whereby CaM bridges two TRPV6 monomers resulting in closure of the channel pore.