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A Precise Measurement of the Orbital Period Parameters of Cygnus X-3

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journal contribution
posted on 17.08.2018, 10:38 by Yash Bhargava, A. R. Rao, K. P. Singh, Manojendu Choudhury, S. Bhattacharyya, S. Chandra, G. C. Dewangan, K. Mukerjee, G. C. Stewart, D. Bhattacharya, N. P. S. Mithun, S. V. Vadawale
We present X-ray light curves of Cygnus X-3 as measured by the recently launched AstroSat satellite. The light curve folded over the binary period of 4.8 hr shows a remarkable stability over the past 45 years and we find that we can use this information to measure the zero point to better than 100 s. We revisit the historical binary phase measurements and examine the stability of the binary period over 45 years. We present a new binary ephemeris with the period and period derivative determined to an accuracy much better than previously reported. We do not find any evidence for a second derivative in the period variation. The precise binary period measurements, however, indicate a hint of short-term episodic variations in periods. Interestingly, these short-term period variations coincide with the period of enhanced jet activity exhibited by the source. We discuss the implications of these observations on the nature of the binary system.

Funding

This publication uses the data from the AstroSat mission of the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), archived at the Indian Space Science Data Centre (ISSDC). The contributions of the technical teams of CZTI and SXT have been vital to the research and thus are gratefully acknowledged. This research also has made use of data obtained through the High Energy Astrophysics Science Archive Research Center Online Service, provided by the NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center.

History

Citation

Astrophysical Journal, 2017, 849 (2)

Author affiliation

/Organisation/COLLEGE OF SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING/Department of Physics and Astronomy

Version

VoR (Version of Record)

Published in

Astrophysical Journal

Publisher

American Astronomical Society, IOP Publishing

issn

0004-637X

eissn

1538-4357

Acceptance date

20/09/2017

Copyright date

2017

Available date

17/08/2018

Publisher version

http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.3847/1538-4357/aa8ea4/meta

Language

en