A comparison of behavioral and pharmacological interventions to attenuate reactivated fear memories
journal contributionposted on 01.02.2018, 11:38 by Roque I. Ferrer Monti, Joaquin M. Alfei, Matias Mugnaini, Adrian M. Bueno, Tom Beckers, Gonzalo P. Urcelay, Victor A. Molina
Two experiments using rats in a contextual fear memory preparation compared two approaches to reduce conditioned fear: (1) pharmacological reconsolidation blockade and (2) reactivation-plus-extinction training. In Experiment 1, we explored different combinations of reactivation-plus-extinction parameters to reduce conditioned fear and attenuate reacquisition. In Experiment 2, memory reactivation was followed by extinction training or administration of midazolam (MDZ) (vs. vehicle) to reduce conditioned fear and attenuate spontaneous recovery. We found both treatments to be equally effective in both experiments. This study suggests that parameters leading to memory destabilization during reactivation are critical to observe long-lasting effects of MDZ or reactivation plus extinction.