A flexible parametric competing-risks model using a direct likelihood approach for the cause-specific cumulative incidence function
journal contributionposted on 07.03.2018, 17:08 by Sarwar Islam Mozumder, Mark J. Rutherford, Paul C. Lambert
In competing-risks analysis, the cause-specific cumulative incidence function (CIF) is usually obtained in a modeling framework by either 1) transforming on all cause-specific hazards or 2) transforming by using a direct relationship with the subdistribution hazard function. We expand on current competing-risks methodology from within the flexible parametric survival modeling framework and focus on the second approach. This approach models all cause-specific CIFs simultaneously and is more useful for answering prognostic-related questions. We propose the direct flexible parametric survival modeling approach for the cause-specific CIF. This approach models the (log cumulative) baseline hazard without requiring numerical integration, which leads to benefits in computational time. It is also easy to make out-of-sample predictions to estimate more useful measures and incorporate alternative link functions, for example, logit links. To implement these methods, we introduce a new estimation command, stpm2cr, and demonstrate useful predictions from the model through an illustrative melanoma dataset.