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A psychologically-based taxonomy of misdirection

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journal contribution
posted on 14.07.2015, 09:52 by Kuhn G Caffaratti, R. Teszka, R. A. Rensink
Magicians use misdirection to prevent you from realizing the methods used to create a magical effect, thereby allowing you to experience an apparently impossible event. Magicians have acquired much knowledge about misdirection, and have suggested several taxonomies of misdirection. These describe many of the fundamental principles in misdirection, focusing on how misdirection is achieved by magicians. In this article we review the strengths and weaknesses of past taxonomies, and argue that a more natural way of making sense of misdirection is to focus on the perceptual and cognitive mechanisms involved. Our psychologically-based taxonomy has three basic categories, corresponding to the types of psychological mechanisms affected: perception, memory, and reasoning. Each of these categories is then divided into subcategories based on the mechanisms that control these effects. This new taxonomy can help organize magicians' knowledge of misdirection in a meaningful way, and facilitate the dialog between magicians and scientists.

History

Citation

Frontiers in Psychology, 2014, 5 : 1392

Version

VoR (Version of Record)

Published in

Frontiers in Psychology

Publisher

Frontiers

issn

1664-1078

Acceptance date

13/11/2014

Copyright date

2014

Available date

14/07/2015

Publisher version

http://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpsyg.2014.01392/abstract

Language

en

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