A pulsed current electric field alters protein expression creating a wound healing phenotype in human skin cells
journal contributionposted on 27.08.2020, 11:00 by LE Bostan, S Almqvist, Christine E Pullar
Aim: Pulsed current (PC) electric field (EF) devices promote healing in chronic wounds but the underpinning mechanisms are largely unknown. The gap between clinical evidence and mechanistic understanding limits device uptake in clinics. Materials & methods: Migration, proliferation and gene/protein expression profiles were investigated in the presence/absence of PCEF, in skin: keratinocytes (NHK); dermal fibroblasts (HDF); dermal microvascular endothelial cells (HDMEC) and macrophages (THP-1). Results: While PCEF had little effect on migration or proliferation, it significantly altered the expression of 31 genes and the secretion of 7 pro-angiogenic and pro-regenerative growth factors using ELISAs. Conclusion: PCEF significantly altered skin cell genomes/proteomes which provides some evidence of how PCEF devices promote healing of chronic wounds.