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An integrated and quantitative approach to petrophysical heterogeneity

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journal contribution
posted on 23.01.2017, 11:34 by P. J. R. Fitch, Mike A. Lovell, Sarah J. Davies, T. Pritchard, Peter K. Harvey
Exploration in anything but the simplest of reservoirs is commonly more challenging because of the intrinsic variability in rock properties and geological characteristics that occur at all scales of observation and measurement. This variability, which often leads to a degree of unpredictability, is commonly referred to as “heterogeneity”, but rarely is this term defined. Although it is widely stated that heterogeneities are poorly understood, researchers have started to investigate the quantification of various heterogeneities and the concept of heterogeneity as a scale-dependent descriptor in reservoir characterization. Based on a comprehensive literature review we define “heterogeneity” as the variability of an individual or combination of properties within a specified space and/or time, and at a specified scale. When investigating variability, the type of heterogeneity should be defined in terms of grain – pore components and the presence or absence of any dominant features (including sedimentological characteristics and fractures). Hierarchies of geologic heterogeneity can be used alongside an understanding of measurement principles and volumes of investigation to ensure we understand the variability in a dataset. Basic statistics can be used to characterise variability in a dataset, in terms of the amplitude and frequency of variations present. A better approach involves heterogeneity measures since these can provide a single value for quantifying the variability, and provide the ability to compare this variability between different datasets, tools/measurements, and reservoirs. We use synthetic and subsurface datasets to investigate the application of the Lorenz Coefficient, Dykstra–Parsons Coefficient and the coefficient of variation to petrophysical data – testing assumptions and refining classifications of heterogeneity based on these measures.

Funding

This work was initiated through a project funded by the Natural Environment Research Council in collaboration with BG Group (NER/S/A/2005/13367). Thanks are due to NERC for funding, and to BG Group for support, access to data and permission to publish this work; in addition we acknowledge Clive Sirju, Kambeez Sobhani, and Adam Moss for helpful suggestions and constructive discussions. The London Petrophysical Society is thanked for access to, and permission to present the North Sea well data used in this manuscript. Mike Lovell acknowledges the University of Leicester for support in the form of Academic Study Leave.

History

Citation

Marine and Petroleum Geology, 2015, 63, pp. 82-96 (15)

Author affiliation

/Organisation/COLLEGE OF SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING/Department of Geology

Version

VoR (Version of Record)

Published in

Marine and Petroleum Geology

Publisher

Elsevier

issn

0264-8172

eissn

1873-4073

Acceptance date

02/02/2015

Copyright date

2015

Available date

23/01/2017

Publisher version

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0264817215000434

Language

en