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Automatic grade promotion and student performance: Evidence from Brazil

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journal contribution
posted on 29.09.2015, 12:20 by Martin Foureaux Koppensteiner
This paper examines the effect of automatic grade promotion on academic achievement in 1993 public primary schools in Brazil. A difference-in-differences approach that exploits variation over time and across schools in the grade promotion regime allows the identification of the treatment effect of automatic promotion. I find a negative and significant effect of about 7% of a standard deviation on math test scores. I provide evidence in support of the interpretation of the estimates as a disincentive effect of automatic promotion. The findings contribute to the understanding of retention policies by focussing on the ex-ante effect of repetition and are important for more complete cost-benefit considerations of grade retention. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.

History

Citation

Journal of Development Economics, 2014, 107, pp. 277-290

Author affiliation

/Organisation/COLLEGE OF SOCIAL SCIENCE/Department of Economics

Version

AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Published in

Journal of Development Economics

Publisher

Elsevier

issn

0304-3878

Acceptance date

20/12/2013

Copyright date

2014

Available date

30/12/2016

Publisher version

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S030438781300179X

Notes

The file associated with this record is under a 36-month embargo from publication in accordance with the publisher's self-archiving policy, available at http://www.elsevier.com/about/company-information/policies/sharing. The full text may be available in the links provided above.

Language

en