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Clinical and epidemiological factors associated with spontaneous preterm birth: a multicentre cohort of low risk nulliparous women

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posted on 30.04.2020, 14:25 by RT Souza, ML Costa, J Mayrink, FE Feitosa, EAR Filho, DF Leite, J Vettorazzi, IM Calderon, MH Sousa, R Passini, PN Baker, L Kenny, JG Cecatti, MA Parpinelli, KG Fernandes, RB Galvão, JP Guida, DS Santana, KG Franchini, BF Cassettari, L Pfitscher, L Brust, EF Melo, D Anacleto, D de Lucena, B Sousa
The objective of this study was to determine incidence and risk factors associated with spontaneous preterm birth (sPTB). It was a prospective multicentre cohort study performed in five Brazilian referral maternity hospitals and enrolling nulliparous women at 19–21 weeks. Comprehensive maternal data collected during three study visits were addressed as potentially associated factors for sPTB. Bivariate and multivariate analysis estimated risk ratios. The main outcomes measures were birth before 37 weeks due to spontaneous preterm labour or premature rupture of membranes (sPTB). The comparison group was comprised of women with term births (≥37weeks). Outcome data was available for 1,165 women, 6.7% of whom had sPTB, 16% had consumed alcohol and 5% had used other illicit drugs during the first half of pregnancy. Current drinking at 19–21 weeks (RR 3.96 95% CI [1.04–15.05]) and a short cervix from 18–24 weeks (RR 4.52 95% CI [1.08–19.01]) correlated with sPTB on bivariate analysis. Increased incidence of sPTB occurred in underweight women gaining weight below quartile 1 (14.8%), obese women gaining weight above quartile 3 (14.3%), women with a short cervix (<25 mm) at 18–24 weeks (31.2%) and those with a short cervix and vaginal bleeding in the first half of pregnancy (40%). Cervical length (RRadj 4.52 95% CI [1.08–19.01]) was independently associated with sPTB. In conclusion, the incidence of sPTB increased in some maternal phenotypes, representing potential groups of interest, the focus of preventive strategies. Similarly, nulliparous women with a short cervix in the second trimester require further exploration.

Funding

This was one of the two big studies selected for sponsoring from the research call “Grand Challenges Brazil: Reducing the burden of preterm birth” number 05/2013 jointly issued by the Brazilian National Research Council (CNPq) (Award 401636/2013–5) and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation (grant OPP1107597).

History

Citation

Scientific Reports, 2020, 10:855

Author affiliation

College of Life Sciences

Version

VoR (Version of Record)

Published in

Scientific Reports

Volume

10

Issue

1

Pagination

855

Publisher

Nature Research

eissn

2045-2322

Acceptance date

07/01/2020

Copyright date

2020

Publisher version

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-020-57810-4?proof=true#Abs1

Language

eng

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