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Coincident in situ and triple-frequency radar airborne observations in the Arctic

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journal contribution
posted on 23.06.2022, 10:25 authored by Cuong M Nguyen, Mengistu Wolde, Alessandro Battaglia, Leonid Nichman, Natalia Bliankinshtein, Samuel Haimov, Kenny Bala, Dirk Schuettemeyer
The dataset collected during the Radar Snow Experiment (RadSnowExp) presents the first-ever airborne triple-frequency radar observations combined with almost perfectly co-located and coincident airborne microphysical measurements from a single platform, the National Research Council Canada (NRC) Convair-580 aircraft. The potential of this dataset is illustrated using data collected from one flight during an Arctic storm, which covers a wide range of snow habits from pristine ice crystals and low-density aggregates to heavily rimed particles with maximum size exceeding 10ĝmm. Three different flight segments with well-matched in situ and radar measurements were analyzed, giving a total of 49ĝmin of triple-frequency observations. The in situ particle imagery data for this study include high-resolution imagery from the Cloud Particle Imager (CPI) probe, which allows accurate identification of particle types, including rimed crystals and large aggregates, within the dual-frequency ratio (DFR) plane. The airborne triple-frequency radar data are grouped based on the dominant particle compositions and microphysical processes (level of aggregation and riming). The results from this study are consistent with the main findings of previous modeling studies, with specific regions of the DFR plane associated with unique scattering properties of different ice habits, especially in clouds where the radar signal is dominated by large aggregates. Moreover, the analysis shows close relationships between the triple-frequency signatures and cloud microphysical properties (particle characteristic size, bulk density, and level of riming).

Funding

This work is supported by the ESA RadSnow-Exp field project (contract: 4000124359/18/NL/FF/gp), the ESA RainCast project (contract: 4000125959/18/NL/NA), and the NRC.

History

Citation

Nguyen, C. M., Wolde, M., Battaglia, A., Nichman, L., Bliankinshtein, N., Haimov, S., Bala, K., and Schuettemeyer, D.: Coincident in situ and triple-frequency radar airborne observations in the Arctic, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 15, 775–795, https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-15-775-2022, 2022.

Author affiliation

Earth Observation Science, Department of Physics and Astronomy

Version

VoR (Version of Record)

Published in

Atmospheric Measurement Techniques

Volume

15

Issue

3

Pagination

775 - 795

Publisher

European Geosciences Union [Society Publisher] Copernicus Publications [Commercial Publisher]

issn

1867-1381

eissn

1867-8548

Acceptance date

09/12/2021

Copyright date

2021

Available date

10/02/2022

Language

English