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Concealed Object Segmentation in Terahertz Imaging via Adversarial Learning

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journal contribution
posted on 29.04.2019, 11:15 by Dong Liang, Jiaxing Pan, Yang Yu, Huiyu Zhou
Terahertz imaging (frequency between 0.1 to 10 THz) is a modern technique for public security check. Due to poor imaging quality, traditional machine vision methods often fail to detect concealed weapons in Terahertz samples, while modern instance segmentation approaches have complex multiple-stage concatenation and often hunger for massive and accurate training data. In this work, we realize a novel Conditional Generative Adversarial Nets (CGANs), named as Mask-CGANs to segment weapons in such a challenging imaging quality. The Mask-Generator network employs a “selected-connection U-Net” to restrain false alarms and speed up training convergence. The loss function takes reconstruction errors and sparse priors into consideration to preserve precise segmentation. Such a learning architecture works well with a small training dataset. Experiments show that the proposed model outperforms CGANs (more than 16–32% in Recall, Precision and Accuracy) and Mask-RCNN (more than 3–6%). Moreover, its testing speed (69.7 FPS) is fast enough to be implemented in a real-time security check system, which is 44 times faster than Mask-RCNN. In the experiments for mammographic mass segmentation on INBreast dataset, the Dice index of the proposed method is 91.29, surpasses the-state-of-the-art medical issue segmentation methods. The full implementation (based on TensorFlow) is available at


This work is supported by the National Key R&D Program of China under Grant 2017YFB0802300, National Natural Science Foundation of China61601223, Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu ProvinceBK20150756, Postdoctoral Science Foundation of China (Top level)2015M580427. H. Zhou was supported by UK EPSRC under Grant EP/N011074/1, Royal Society-Newton Advanced Fellowship under Grant NA160342, and European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation program under the Marie-Sklodowska-Curie grant agreement No 720325.



Optik, 2019, 185, pp. 1104-1114

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/Organisation/COLLEGE OF SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING/Department of Informatics


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