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Coordinated ground-based and Cluster observations of large amplitude global magnetospheric oscillations during a fast solar wind speed interval

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journal contribution
posted on 10.02.2016, 11:26 by I. R. Mann, I. Voronkov, M. Dunlop, E. Donovan, Timothy Kenneth Yeoman, D. K. Milling, J. P. Wild, T. K. Kauristie, O. Amm, S. D. Bale, A. Balogh, A. Viljanen, H. J. Opgenoorth
We present magnetospheric observations of very large amplitude global scale ULF waves, from 9 and 10 December 2000 when the upstream solar wind speed exceeded 600 km/s. We characterise these ULF waves using ground-based magnetometer, radar and optical instrumentation on both the dawn and dusk flanks; we find evidence to support the hypothesis that discrete frequency field line resonances (FLRs) were being driven by magnetospheric waveguide modes. During the early part of this interval, Cluster was on an outbound pass from the northern dusk side magnetospheric lobe into the magnetosheath, local-time conjugate to the Canadian sector. In situ magnetic fluctuations, observed by Cluster FGM, show evidence of quasi-periodic motion of the magnetosheath boundary layer with the same period as the ULF waves seen on the ground. Our observations represent the first simultaneous magnetometer, radar and optical observations of the characteristics of FLRs, and confirm the potential importance of ULF waves for magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling, particularly via the generation and modulation of electron precipitation into the ionosphere. The in situ Cluster measurements support the hypothesis that, during intervals of fast solar wind speed, the Kelvin-Helmholtz instability (KHI) can excite magnetospheric waveguide modes which bathe the flank magnetosphere with discrete frequency ULF wave power and drive large amplitude FLRs.

History

Citation

Annales Geophysicae, 2002, 20 (4), pp. 405-426 (22)

Author affiliation

/Organisation/COLLEGE OF SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING/Department of Physics and Astronomy

Version

VoR (Version of Record)

Published in

Annales Geophysicae

Publisher

Copernicus Publications on behalf of the European Geosciences Union

issn

0992-7689

eissn

1432-0576

Acceptance date

16/10/2001

Copyright date

2002

Available date

10/02/2016

Publisher version

http://ann-geophys.net/20/405/2002/

Language

en