1609.07503v1.pdf (8.2 MB)
Download file

Dawes Review 7: The Tidal Downsizing Hypothesis of Planet Formation

Download (8.2 MB)
journal contribution
posted on 23.11.2017, 12:23 by Sergei Nayakshin
Tidal Downsizing scenario of planet formation builds on ideas proposed by Gerard Kuiper in 1951. Detailed simulations of self-gravitating discs, gas fragments, dust grain dynamics, and planet evolutionary calculations are summarised here and used to build a predictive population synthesis. A new interpretation of exoplanetary and debris disc data, the Solar System's origins, and the links between planets and brown dwarfs is offered. Tidal Downsizing predicts that presence of debris discs, sub-Neptune mass planets, planets more massive than ~ 5 Jupiter masses and brown dwarfs should not correlate strongly with the metallicity of the host. For gas giants of ~ Saturn to a few Jupiter mass, a strong host star metallicity correlation is predicted only inwards of a few AU from the host. Composition of massive cores is predicted to be dominated by rock rather than ices. Debris discs made by Tidal Downsizing have an innermost edge larger than about 1 au, have smaller total masses and are usually in a dynamically excited state. Planet formation in surprisingly young or very dynamic systems such as HL Tau and Kepler-444 may be a signature of Tidal Downsizing. Open questions and potential weaknesses of the hypothesis are pointed out.



Publications of the Astronomical Society of Australia, 2017, 34, (e002), pp. ?-? (46)

Author affiliation

/Organisation/COLLEGE OF SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING/Department of Physics and Astronomy


AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Published in

Publications of the Astronomical Society of Australia


Cambridge University Press for Astronomical Society of Australia





Acceptance date


Copyright date


Available date


Publisher version