Developments in compartmentalized bimetallic transition metal ethylene polymerization catalysts
journal contributionposted on 14.08.2018, 08:49 by Hongyi Suo, Gregory A. Solan, Yanping Ma, Wen-Hua Sun
Recent progress concerning the application of compartmentalized bimetallic complexes as homogeneous catalysts in ethylene polymerization is reviewed with particular regard to metal-metal combinations based on either early- (Ti, Zr, Hf and V) or late-transition metals (Fe, Co and Ni). The effect of positioning two polymerization-active metal centers in close proximity on catalytic activity, molecular weight, molecular weight distribution and levels of branching are thoroughly documented. Compartmental ligands comprising binding domains consisting of phenoxyimines, ansa-bridged cyclopentadienyl-amides, α-diimines and iminopyridines are described as is their capacity to serve as compatible binucleating supports for homobimetallic and also for the less investigated heterobimetallic counterparts. By comparison with their mononuclear analogues, any synergic properties exhibited by these binuclear catalysts represents an underlying theme to be developed where possible throughout this review.