Discrete Visible Luminescence of Helium Atoms and Molecules Desorbing from Helium Clusters: The Role of Electronic, Vibrational, and Rotational Energy Transfer.
journal contributionposted on 06.08.2007, 09:47 by Klaus von Haeften, A.R.B. de Castro, M. Joppien, L. Moussavizadeh, R. von Pietrowski, Thomas Möller
Discrete visible and near-infrared luminescence of a beam of photoexcited helium clusters is reported. The emission lines are attributed to free helium atoms and molecules desorbing from clusters in electronically excited states. Depending on the excitation energy, various atomic and molecular singlet and triplet states are involved in the relaxation process. With increasing cluster size the intensity of molecular transitions becomes dominant. The temperature of ejected molecules could be estimated to Tvib ~ 2500 K and Trot ~ 450 K and is much higher than that of the cluster itself.