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Effect of Immunosuppressive Drugs on the Changes of Serum Galactose-Deficient IgA1 in Patients with IgA Nephropathy.

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posted on 14.12.2016, 11:02 by M. J. Kim, S. Schaub, Karen Molyneux, M. T. Koller, S. Stampf, Jonathan Barratt
Galactose-deficient IgA1 (Gd-IgA1) and IgA-IgG complexes are known to play an important role in the pathogenesis of IgA nephropathy (IgAN). We aimed therefore to determine the impact of immunosuppression on the serum levels of Gd-IgA1, total IgA1 and IgA-IgG complexes in IgAN patients. In a retrospective study, serum samples from IgAN patients collected before transplantation (t0) and at 3- and 6-month posttransplant (t3 & t6) were used to measure the levels of Gd-IgA1, total IgA1 and IgA-IgG complexes. The area under the curves (AUC) of immunosuppressants was calculated by the plot of plasma trough level or dosage of each immunosuppressant versus time and was interpreted as the extent of drug exposure. Thirty-six out of 64 IgAN patients, who underwent kidney transplantation between 2005 and 2012, were enrolled. From t0 to t3, serum Gd-IgA1 and total IgA1 decreased significantly (24.7 AU (18.6-36.1) to 17.2 (13.1-29.5) (p<0.0001); 4.1 mg/ml (3.6-5.1) to 3.4 (3.0-4.1) (p = 0.0005)), whereas IgA-IgG complexes remained similar. From t3 to t6, Gd-IgA1 and IgA-IgG complexes significantly increased (17.2 AU (13.1-29.5) to 23.9 (16.8-32.0) (p = 0.0143); OD 0.16 (0.06-0.31) to 0.26 (0.14-0.35) (p = 0.0242)), while total IgA1 remained similar. According to median regression analysis, AUC of prednisone t0-6 was significantly associated with the decrease of Gd-IgA1 t0-6 (P = 0.01) and IgA1 t0-6 (p = 0.002), whereas AUC of tacrolimus t0-6 was associated with the decrease of IgA1 t0-6 (p = 0.02). AUC of prednisone t0-3 was associated with the decrease of IgA-IgG complexes t0-3 (p = 0.0036). The association of AUC prednisone t0-6 with Gd-IgA1 t0-6 remained highly significant after adjustment for other immunosuppressants (p = 0.0036). Serum levels of Gd-IgA1, total IgA1 and IgA-IgG in patients with IgAN vary according to the changing degrees of immunosuppression. The exposure to prednisone most clearly influenced the serum levels of Gd-IgA1.

Funding

MJK was supported by research funding from Amgen. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.

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Citation

PLoS One, 2016, 11(12): e0166830

Author affiliation

/Organisation/COLLEGE OF MEDICINE, BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES AND PSYCHOLOGY/School of Medicine/Department of Infection, Immunity and Inflammation

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VoR (Version of Record)

Published in

PLoS One

Publisher

Public Library of Science

eissn

1932-6203

Acceptance date

06/11/2016

Copyright date

2016

Available date

14/12/2016

Publisher version

http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0166830

Language

en

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