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Effects of Irrelevant Background Speech on Eye Movements during Reading.

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journal contribution
posted on 29.11.2017, 11:08 by Guoli Yan, Zhu Meng, Nina Liu, Liyuan He, Kevin B. Paterson
The irrelevant speech effect (ISE) refers to the impairment of visual information processing by background speech. Prior research on the ISE has focused on short-term memory for visually-presented word lists. The present research extends this work by using measurements of eye movements to examine effects of irrelevant background speech during Chinese reading. This enabled an examination of the ISE for a language in which access to semantic representations is not strongly mediated by phonology. Participants read sentences while exposed to meaningful irrelevant speech, meaningless speech (scrambled meaningful speech) or silence. A target word of high or low lexical frequency was embedded in each sentence. The results show that meaningful, but not meaningless, background speech produced increased re-reading. In addition, the appearance of a normal word frequency effect, characterised by longer fixation times on low compared to high frequency words, was delayed when meaningful or meaningless speech was present in the background. These findings show that irrelevant background speech can disrupt normal processes of reading comprehension and, in addition, that background noise can interfere with the early processing of words. The findings add to evidence showing that normal reading processes can be disrupted by environmental noise such as irrelevant background speech.

History

Citation

Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 2017, pp. 1-20

Author affiliation

/Organisation/COLLEGE OF LIFE SCIENCES/MBSP Non-Medical Departments/Neuroscience, Psychology and Behaviour

Version

AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Published in

Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology

Publisher

Taylor & Francis (Routledge)

issn

1747-0218

eissn

1747-0226

Acceptance date

18/05/2017

Copyright date

2017

Available date

07/06/2018

Publisher version

http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/17470218.2017.1339718

Notes

The file associated with this record is under embargo until 12 months after publication, in accordance with the publisher's self-archiving policy. The full text may be available through the publisher links provided above.

Language

en