Efficacy and Safety of IDegLira in Participants with Type 2 Diabetes in India Uncontrolled on Oral Antidiabetic Drugs and Basal Insulin: Data from the DUAL Clinical Trial Program.pdf (1.13 MB)
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Efficacy and Safety of IDegLira in Participants with Type 2 Diabetes in India Uncontrolled on Oral Antidiabetic Drugs and Basal Insulin: Data from the DUAL Clinical Trial Program.

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posted on 14.02.2018, 14:03 by Kamlesh Khunti, Viswanathan Mohan, Sunil M. Jain, Trine Welløv Boesgaard, Kamilla Begtrup, Bipin Sethi
INTRODUCTION: The efficacy and safety of insulin degludec/liraglutide (IDegLira) has been evaluated in the Dual Action of Liraglutide and Insulin Degludec in Type 2 Diabetes (DUAL) phase 3 clinical trial program. In this post hoc analysis, we compared the efficacy and safety of IDegLira in the Indian subpopulation with the results from the global trial population of DUAL trials. The analysis includes participants uncontrolled on oral antidiabetic drugs (OADs) in DUAL I and DUAL IV and participants uncontrolled on basal insulin and OADs in DUAL II. METHODS: Three phase 3 trials were included in the analysis: DUAL I extension (IDegLira vs. insulin degludec or liraglutide 1.8 mg in participants uncontrolled on metformin ± pioglitazone; 52 weeks; n = 1663), DUAL IV (IDegLira vs. placebo as an add-on to a regimen of sulfonylurea ± metformin; 26 weeks; n = 435) and DUAL II (IDegLira vs. insulin degludec in participants uncontrolled on basal insulin + OADs; 26 weeks; n = 398). There were 251, 64 and 64 participants, respectively, at the Indian sites. RESULTS: In the Indian subpopulations, the reductions in glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) with IDegLira were substantial [DUAL I: 1.96% (-21 mmol/mol); DUAL IV: -1.40% (-15 mmol/mol); DUAL II: -2.20% (-24 mmol/mol)] and significantly greater than those in the comparators in each trial. IDegLira was generally weight-neutral after the administration of OADs (-0.3 and +0.6 kg in DUAL I and DUAL IV) and resulted in weight loss after the administration of basal insulin (-2.1 kg in DUAL II). Hypoglycemia rates were 1.98, 1.08 and 0.37 events/patient-years of exposure (PYE) for IDegLira, insulin degludec and liraglutide in DUAL I, 4.06 and 0.36 events/PYE for IDegLira and placebo in DUAL IV and 1.16 and 0.83 events/PYE with IDegLira and insulin degludec in DUAL II. CONCLUSIONS: Results from the Indian subpopulations reflect those of the global study populations, supporting IDegLira as an effective and safe treatment option for people with type 2 diabetes inadequately controlled on OADs or basal insulin + OADs in the South Asian population. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov identifier, NCT01336023 (DUAL I), NCT01392573 (DUAL II), NCT01618162 (DUAL IV). FUNDING: Novo Nordisk A/S, Bagsvaerd, Denmark.


Sponsorship and article processing charges for this study were funded by Novo Nordisk A/S, Bagsvaerd, Denmark. Novo Nordisk A/S were involved in study design, data collection and analysis and reviewed the manuscript for scientific and medical accuracy. All named authors meet the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICJME) criteria for authorship for this manuscript, contributed to the interpretation, critical revision of and approval of the article, take responsibility for the integrity of the work as a whole and have given final approval to the version to be published. Trine Welløv Boesgaard was also involved in research design and Kamilla Begtrup performed data analyses. We confirm that all authors had access to the study data that support this publication. The authors would like to thank the investigators, trial staff and participants for their participation. They thank also David Harvey, Iain Hatch, Victoria Atess and Beverly La Ferla from Watermeadow Medical, Oxford, UK, for medical writing and editorial assistance, funded by Novo Nordisk.



Diabetes Therapy, 2017, 8 (3), pp. 673-682

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