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Evaluation of silicon photomultipliers for dual-mirror Small-Sized Telescopes of Cherenkov Telescope Array

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posted on 16.05.2018, 13:44 by A. Asano, D. Berge, G. Bonanno, M. Bryan, B. Gebhardt, A. Grillo, N. Hidaka, P. Kachru, J. Lapington, S. Leach, Y. Nakamura, A. Okumura, G. Romeo, D. Ross, M. Stephan, H. Tajima, M. C. Timpanaro, R. White, N. Yamane, A. Zink
All camera designs for Small-Sized telescopes (SSTs) proposed for the Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA) utilize silicon photomultipliers (SiPM) as their baseline photon sensor technology. The dual-mirror SST (SST-2M) has a smaller plate scale (i.e. image size) than the single-mirror SST, allowing it to employ 2,000 square SiPMs with pixel sizes of approximately 6 mm, close to the mainstream SiPM sizes.In CTA, the night sky background level of typically ~25 Mcounts/s/pixel ( > 100 Mcounts/s/pixel at maximum) places severe constraints on the trigger capability due to accidental coincidence on neighboring pixels. In order to suppress such events, it is necessary to reduce optical crosstalk, a mechanism whereby a single optical photon can produce multiple avalanches in the SiPM, while keeping good photon detection efficiency. These are, in general, contradicting requirements.In this manuscript, we report on characterization of a variety of SiPM technologies for SST-2M cameras and compare results obtained at different participating institutions. We assess the harmonization of results and discuss the likely performance that will be achieved for the first production cameras.


This work was conducted in the context of the CTA ASTRI and GCT Projects. We gratefully acknowledge financial support from the agencies and organizations listed here: http://www.cta-observatory.org/consortium_acknowledgments. We also acknowledge support from JSPS/MEXT KAKENHI grant numbers 23244051, 25610040, 15H02086, 16K13801 and 17H04838.



Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, 2017

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/Organisation/COLLEGE OF SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING/Department of Physics and Astronomy


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Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research


Elsevier for North-Holland



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