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Evidence of a link between the evolution of clusters and their AGN fraction

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journal contribution
posted on 24.10.2012, 09:20 by Van Breukelen C., S. Rawlings, L. Clewley, T. Mauch, C. Simpson, M. Akiyama, D. Bonfield, M. J. Jarvis, T. Readhead, A-M. Stobbart, M. Watson, M. Swinbank
We discuss the optical properties, X-ray detections and active galactic nucleus (AGN) populations of four clusters at z∼ 1 in the Subaru–XMM Deep Field (SXDF). The velocity distribution and plausible extended X-ray detections are examined, as well as the number of X-ray point sources and radio sources associated with the clusters. We find that the two clusters that appear virialized and have an extended X-ray detection contain few, if any, AGN, whereas the two pre-virialized clusters have a large AGN population. This constitutes evidence that the AGN fraction in clusters is linked to the clusters' evolutionary stage. The number of X-ray AGN in the pre-virialized clusters is consistent with an overdensity of a factor of ∼200; the radio AGN appear to be clustered with a factor of 3 to 6 higher. The median K-band luminosities of LK= 1.7 ± 0.7 L* for the X-ray sources and LK= 2.3 ± 0.1 L* for the radio sources support the theory that these AGN are triggered by galaxy interaction and merging events in sub-groups with low internal velocity distributions, which make up the cluster environment in a pre-virialization evolutionary stage.



Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 2009, 395 (1), pp. 11-27


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