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HESS observations of the Carina nebula and its enigmatic colliding wind binary Eta Carinae

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journal contribution
posted on 24.10.2012, 08:56 by A. Abramowski, F. Acero, F. Aharonian, A. G. Akhperjanian, G. Anton, A. Balzer, A. Barnacka, Y. Becherini, J. Becker, K. Bernloehr, E. Birsin, R. Steenkamp, van Eldik C., O. Reimer, M. Renaud, de los Reyes R., F. Rieger, J. Ripken, L. Rob, S. Rosier-Lees, U. Schwanke, M. Jamrozy, G. Rowell, B. Rudak, C. Stegmann, P. Bordas, F. Stinzing, R. Kossakowski, S. Schwarzburg, S. Schwemmer, C. Venter, F. Sheidaei, K. Kosack, A. Viana, N. Maxted, K. Stycz, I. Sushch, A. Zajczyk, A. Szostek, G. Maurin, A. A. Zdziarski, B. Khelifi, P. Vincent, H. Gast, H. J. Voelk, P. Brun, F. Volpe, P. Hofverberg, T. Bulik, A. Lopatin, A. Zech, D. Hampf, H-S. Zechlin, T. Montmerle, L. Gerard, HESS Collaboration, D. Klochkov, I. Buesching, S. Carrigan, S. Casanova, M. Holler, M. Cerruti, P. M. Chadwick, J. Harris, A. Charbonnier, B. Giebels, C-C. Lu, R. C. G. Chaves, A. Cheesebrough, G. Cologna, W. Kluzniak, J. Conrad, M. Dalton, D. Horns, M. K. Daniel, M. Hauser, J. F. Glicenstein, I. D. Davids, B. Degrange, C. Deil, H. J. Dickinson, V. Marandon, A. Djannati-Atai, W. Domainko, T. Kneiske, L. O. Drury, A. Jacholkowska, B. Glueck, S. Heinz, G. Dubus, K. Dutson, J. Dyks, M. Dyrda, K. Egberts, P. Eger, P. Espigat, A. Marcowith, L. Fallon, D. Goering, N. Komin, G. Heinzelmann, C. Jahn, S. Fegan, F. Feinstein, M. V. Fernandes, A. Fiasson, G. Fontaine, A. Foerster, M. Fuessling, M-H. Grondin, Y. A. Gallant, T. Garrigoux, G. Henri, J. Masbou, G. Hermann, G. Vasileiadis, S. Haeffner, J. D. Hague, I. Jung, J. Hahn, M. A. Kastendieck, M. Zacharias, A. Hillert, J. A. Hinton, F. Krayzel, W. Hofmann, A. Wierzcholska, H. Laffon, F. Brun, K. Katarzynski, U. Katz, M. Mayer, S. Kaufmann, J. Brucker, T. J. L. McComb, S. Vorobiov, G. Lamanna, C. B. Rulten, J-P. Lenain, D. Lennarz, T. Lohse, J-P. Tavernet, M. C. Medina, J. Biteau, J. Mehault, J. L. Skilton, R. Moderski, M. Mohamed, V. Sahakian, E. Moulin, M. Vorster, C. L. Naumann, M. Naumann-Godo, de Naurois M., R. Terrier, D. Nedbal, D. Nekrassov, H. Sol, N. Nguyen, D. A. Sanchez, A. Bochow, B. Nicholas, J. Niemiec, S. J. Nolan, S. J. Wagner, S. Ohm, E. D. O. Wilhelmi, M. Tluczykont, B. Opitz, G. Spengler, A. Santangelo, M. Ostrowski, I. Oya, M. Panter, M. P. Arribas, C. Boisson, N. W. Pekeur, G. Pelletier, M. Ward, J. Perez, K. Valerius, R. Schlickeiser, L. Stawarz, P-O. Petrucci, B. Peyaud, S. Pita, G. Puehlhofer, M. Punch, A. Quirrenbach, M. Raue, J. Bolmont, A. Reimer, A. Schulz, R. White
The massive binary system Eta Carinae and the surrounding H ii complex, the Carina nebula, are potential particle acceleration sites from which very high energy (VHE; E≥ 100 GeV) γ-ray emission could be expected. This paper presents data collected during VHE γ-ray observations with the HESS telescope array from 2004 to 2010, which cover a full orbit of Eta Carinae. In the 33.1-h data set no hint of significant γ-ray emission from Eta Carinae has been found and an upper limit on the γ-ray flux of 7.7 x 10 [Superscript: -13] ph cm[Superscript: -2] s[Superscript: -1] (99 per cent confidence level) is derived above the energy threshold of 470 GeV. Together with the detection of high energy (HE; 0.1 ≤E≤ 100 GeV) γ-ray emission by the Fermi Large Area Telescope up to 100 GeV, and assuming a continuation of the average HE spectral index into the VHE domain, these results imply a cut-off in the γ-ray spectrum between the HE and VHE γ-ray range. This could be caused either by a cut-off in the accelerated particle distribution or by severe γ–γ absorption losses in the wind collision region. Furthermore, the search for extended γ-ray emission from the Carina nebula resulted in an upper limit on the γ-ray flux of 4.2 x 10 [Superscript: -12] ph cm[Superscript: -2] s[Superscript: -1] (99 per cent confidence level). The derived upper limit of ∼23 on the cosmic ray enhancement factor is compared with results found for the old-age mixed-morphology supernova remnant W28.



Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society , 2012, 424 (1), pp. 128-135

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