Human thyroid cancer cells as a source of iso-genic, iso-phenotypic cell lines with or without functional p53.
journal contributionposted on 24.10.2012, 09:11 by F. S. Wyllie, M. F. Haughton, J. M. Rowson, D. Wynford-Thomas
Differentiated thyroid carcinomas (in contrast to the rarer anaplastic form) are unusual among human cancers in displaying a remarkably low frequency of p53 mutation and appear to retain wild-type (wt) p53 function as assessed by the response of derived cell lines to DNA damage. Using one such cell line, K1, we have tested the effect of experimental abrogation of p53 function by generating matched sub-clones stably expressing either a neo control gene, a dominant-negative mutant p53 (143ala) or human papilloma virus protein HPV16 E6. Loss of p53 function in the latter two groups was confirmed by abolition of p53-dependent 'stress' responses including induction of the cyclin/CDK inhibitor p21WAF1 and G1/S arrest following DNA-damage. In contrast, no change was detected in the phenotype of 'unstressed' clones, with respect to any of the following parameters: proliferation rate in monolayer, serum-dependence for proliferation or survival, tumorigenicity, cellular morphology, or tissue-specific differentiation markers. The K1 line therefore represents a 'neutral' background with respect to p53 function, permitting the derivation of functionally p53 + or - clones which are not only iso-genic but also iso-phenotypic. Such a panel should be an ideal tool with which to test the p53-dependence of cellular stress responses, particularly the sensitivity to potential therapeutic agents, free from the confounding additional phenotypic differences which usually accompany loss of p53 function. The results also further support the hypothesis that p53 mutation alone is not sufficient to drive progression of thyroid cancer to the aggressive anaplastic form.
CitationBritish Journal of Cancer, 1999, 79 (7-8), pp. 1111-1120
Published inBritish Journal of Cancer
PublisherCancer Research UK, Nature Publishing Group
CarcinomaPapillaryCell CountCell DifferentiationDNA-Binding ProteinsG1 PhaseG2 PhaseGene DeletionGenesp53Genetic VectorsGenotypeHumansNuclear ProteinsOncogene ProteinsViralPaired Box Transcription FactorsPhenotypeRepressor ProteinsThyroid NeoplasmsTime FactorsTrans-ActivatorsTransfectionTumor CellsCulturedTumor Suppressor Protein p53