In Situ Diagnosis of Wire Bonding Faults for Multichip IGBT Modules Based on the Crosstalk Effect
journal contributionposted on 13.10.2021, 09:04 by W Zhang, Kun Tan, Bing Ji, L Qi, X Cui, Jixuan Wei, X Zhang
Introducing bond wire diagnosis for multichip IGBT modules is key to the health monitoring of modular multilevel converters (MMCs), which allows for improved field robustness, reliability, and reduced maintenance cost. This paper leverages the crosstalk phenomenon during switching transitions to detect the chip open-circuit faults caused by the bond wire lift-off using typical half-bridge IGBT modules in a multichip-parallel configuration. The cycle-controlled, non-intrusive measurement is conducted under normal operation, when the device under test is at off-state and its complementary switch is during switching transitions. Two specialized health sensitive parameters arising from the dynamic gate loop waveforms are identified and evaluated, including 1) the gate voltage VGE(t3) when the declining collector voltage reaches zero, and 2) the negative peak gate voltage VGE(t4). The sensitivity and stability of these two parameters are compared through theoretical analysis, circuit simulation and practical verification. The results show that VGE(t4) is more suitable for online monitoring, while VGE(t3) is more sensitive than VGE(t4). With managed complexity in gate drives, this proposed health awareness approach is feasible in the submodules of MMC applications, but it can also be used in other power converter topologies incorporating the half-bridge structure.