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Is having a family history of type 2 diabetes or cardiovascular disease a predictive factor for metabolic syndrome?

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journal contribution
posted on 10.06.2020, 15:40 by AJ Dunkley, NA Taub, MJ Davies, MA Stone, K Khunti
AIMS: To determine whether a first degree family history (FH) of diabetes and/or a first degree FH of cardiovascular disease (CVD), can predict prevalent cases of metabolic syndrome (MetS). Also, to establish if the association is different for South Asians compared to White Europeans, and for obese compared to non-obese individuals. METHODS: Cross-sectional data were analysed for a mixed-ethnic cohort of 3094 at-risk individuals, aged 40-75 years (29% South Asian), who were screened in Leicestershire (UK) for undiagnosed type 2 diabetes using an oral glucose tolerance test. Logistic regression was used to assess the relationship between FH and prevalent MetS, including adjustment for potential confounders. RESULTS: Prevalence of MetS was 39%. Adjusted odds ratios (OR) showed that only a FH of CVD (OR 1.41, 95%CI: 1.18-1.68, p<0.001) was significantly associated with prevalent MetS. Interaction analysis showed no effect modification for obesity and ethnicity. We did not find any association for a FH of diabetes. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that a first degree FH of CVD predicts prevalent cases of MetS in a mixed-ethnic population. Evidence of an association may help to identify individuals who should be targeted for screening and early prevention of type 2 diabetes and CVD.

Funding

The STAR study (part of the LEADER study) was supported by funds provided by the Department of Diabetes Research, University Hospitals of Leicester and from funds raised by the Lord Mayor of Leicester's Appeal (2002).

History

Citation

Prim Care Diabetes, 2009, 3 (1), pp. 49-56

Author affiliation

/Organisation/COLLEGE OF LIFE SCIENCES/School of Medicine/Department of Health Sciences

Version

AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Published in

Primary Care Diabetes

Volume

3

Issue

1

Pagination

49-56

Publisher

Elsevier for Primary Care Diabetes Europe

eissn

1878-0210

Acceptance date

01/02/2009

Copyright date

2009

Available date

24/10/2012

Language

eng

Publisher version

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1751991809000060