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KELT-19Ab: A P ∼ 4.6-day Hot Jupiter Transiting a Likely Am Star with a Distant Stellar Companion

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posted on 30.08.2019, 08:34 by RJ Siverd, KA Collins, G Zhou, SN Quinn, BS Gaudi, KG Stassun, MC Johnson, A Bieryla, DW Latham, DR Ciardi, JE Rodriguez, K Penev, M Pinsonneault, J Pepper, JD Eastman, H Relles, JF Kielkopf, J Gregorio, TE Oberst, GF Aldi, GA Esquerdo, ML Calkins, P Berlind, CD Dressing, R Patel, DJ Stevens, TG Beatty, MB Lund, J Labadie-Bartz, RB Kuhn, KD Colón, D James, X Yao, JA Johnson, JT Wright, N McCrady, RA Wittenmyer, SA Johnson, DH Sliski, ELN Jensen, DH Cohen, KK McLeod, MT Penny, MD Joner, DC Stephens, S Villanueva, R Zambelli, C Stockdale, P Evans, TG Tan, IA Curtis, PA Reed, M Trueblood, P Trueblood
We present the discovery of the giant planet KELT-19Ab, which transits the moderately bright (V ∼ 9.9) A8V star TYC 764-1494-1 with an orbital period of 4.61 days. We confirm the planetary nature of the companion via a combination of radial velocities, which limit the mass to ≳4.1 MJ (3s), and a clear Doppler tomography signal, which indicates a retrograde projected spin-orbit misalignment of λ = -179.7-3.8+3.7degrees. Global modeling indicates that the Teff= 7500 ±110 K host star has M M = 1.62+0.20-0.25and R = 1.83 0.10 R. The planet has a radius of RP = 1.91 0.11 RJ and receives a stellar insolation flux of ∼ 3.2 10 erg s-1cm-2, leading to an inferred equilibrium temperature of Teq ∼ 1935 K assuming zero albedo and complete heat redistribution. With a v I sin 84.8 ±2.0 km s =-1, the host is relatively slowly rotating compared to other stars with similar effective temperatures, and it appears to be enhanced in metallic elements but deficient in calcium, suggesting that it is likely an Am star. KELT-19A would be the first detection of an Am host of a transiting planet of which we are aware. Adaptive optics observations of the system reveal the existence of a companion with late-G9V/early-K1V spectral type at a projected separation of »160 au. Radial velocity measurements indicate that this companion is bound. Most Am stars are known to have stellar companions, which are often invoked to explain the relatively slow rotation of the primary. In this case, the stellar companion is unlikely to have caused the tidal braking of the primary. However, it may have emplaced the transiting planetary companion via the Kozai-Lidov mechanism.

Funding

This project makes use of data from the KELT survey, including support from The Ohio State University, Vanderbilt University, and Lehigh University, along with the KELT follow-up collaboration. Work performed by J.E.R. was supported by the Harvard Future Faculty Leaders Postdoctoral fellowship. D.J.S. and B.S.G. were partially supported by NSF CAREER Grant AST-1056524. Work by S.V.Jr. is supported by the National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship under Grant No. DGE-1343012. Work by G.Z. is provided by NASA through Hubble Fellowship grant HST-HF2-51402.001-A awarded by the Space Telescope Science Institute, which is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Inc., for NASA, under contract NAS 5-26555. This paper includes data taken at The McDonald Observatory of The University of Texas at Austin. This work has made use of NASA's Astrophysics Data System, the Extrasolar Planet Encyclopedia, the NASA Exoplanet Archive, the SIMBAD database operated at CDS, Strasbourg, France, and the VizieR catalog access tool, CDS, Strasbourg, France. We make use of Filtergraph, an online data visualization tool developed at Vanderbilt University through the Vanderbilt Initiative in Data-intensive Astrophysics (VIDA). We also used data products from the Widefield Infrared Survey Explorer, which is a joint project of the University of California, Los Angeles; the Jet Propulsion Laboratory/California Institute of Technology, which is funded by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration; the Two Micron All Sky Survey, which is a joint project of the University of Massachusetts and the Infrared Processing and Analysis Center/California Institute of Technology, funded by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration and the National Science Foundation; and the European Space Agency (ESA) mission Gaia (http://www.cosmos.esa.int/gaia), processed by the Gaia Data Processing and Analysis Consortium (DPAC, http://www.cosmos.esa.int/web/gaia/d

History

Citation

Astronomical Journal, 2018, 155 (1)

Author affiliation

/Organisation/COLLEGE OF SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING/Department of Physics and Astronomy

Version

VoR (Version of Record)

Published in

Astronomical Journal

Publisher

American Astronomical Society, IOP Publishing

issn

0004-6256

Acceptance date

27/11/2017

Copyright date

2018

Available date

30/08/2019

Publisher version

https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.3847/1538-3881/aa9e4d

Language

en