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Learning Words Via Reading: Contextual Diversity, Spacing, and Retrieval Effects in Adults

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posted on 17.04.2019, 14:50 by Ascensión Pagán, Kate Nation
We examined whether variations in contextual diversity, spacing, and retrieval practice influenced how well adults learned new words from reading experience. Eye movements were recorded as adults read novel words embedded in sentences. In the learning phase, unfamiliar words were presented either in the same sentence repeated four times (same context) or in four different sentences (diverse context). Spacing was manipulated by presenting the sentences under distributed or non‐distributed practice. After learning, half of the participants were asked to retrieve the new words, and half had an extra exposure to the new words. Although words experienced in diverse contexts were acquired more slowly during learning, they enjoyed a greater benefit of learning at immediate posttest. Distributed practice also slowed learning, but no benefit was observed at posttest. Although participants who had an extra exposure showed the greatest learning benefit overall, learning also benefited from retrieval opportunity, when words were experienced in diverse contexts. These findings demonstrate that variation in the content and structure of the learning environment impacts on word learning via reading.

Funding

This work was supported by a grant from the Economic and Social Research Council (ES/M009998/1).

History

Citation

Cognitive Science, 2019, 43 (1), e12705

Author affiliation

/Organisation/COLLEGE OF LIFE SCIENCES/Biological Sciences/Neuroscience, Psychology and Behaviour

Version

AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Published in

Cognitive Science

Publisher

Wiley for Cognitive Science Society

issn

0364-0213

eissn

1551-6709

Acceptance date

13/11/2019

Copyright date

2019

Publisher version

https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/cogs.12705

Notes

The file associated with this record is under embargo until 12 months after publication, in accordance with the publisher's self-archiving policy. The full text may be available through the publisher links provided above.

Language

en

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