Mass flow rate of fine and cohesive powders under differential air pressure
journal contributionposted on 20.04.2018, 13:08 by R. Baserinia, Iosif C. Sinka
Air-powder interactions are of practical importance in the production of pharmaceuticals, food and high value added chemicals manufactured using powders. For examples, air-powder effects enable consistent and effective dosing of fine cohesive powders into dies on high productivity rotary presses due to the suction fill effect. A purpose built experimental testing rig was developed and calibrated in order to develop a basic understanding of effect of air pressure on the mass flow rate of fine and cohesive powders. The powder materials were selected to enable the study of the effect of particle properties, such as size and density, and processing conditions such as differential air pressure, on the mass flow rate of powders. The models available in the literature developed for coarse free flowing sands under differential pressure were found inadequate to describe the experimental observations and to predict the flow behaviour of fine and cohesive powders. A new powder flow model was developed using established dimensional analysis methods based on the experimental data. The proposed model includes terms that account for the effect of differential pressure and reduces to the classic Beverloo model in absence of differential pressure. The models was validated and can be used for formulation and process design for flow regimes where air-powder interactions are important.