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Multi-frequency observations of E-region HF radar aurora

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journal contribution
posted on 10.03.2017, 15:42 by S. E. Milan, M. Lester, N. Sato
Multi-frequency observations of E-region coherent backscatter from decametre waves reveal that auroral echoes tend to comprise two spectral components superimposed, one at low Doppler shifts, below 250 ms-1, and the other Doppler shifted to near the ion-acoustic speed or above, up to 800 ms-1. The low Doppler shift component occurs at all look directions; Doppler shifts near the ion acoustic speed occur when looking at low flow angles along the direction of the electron drift in the electrojet, and Doppler shifts in excess of the ion acoustic speed occur at intermediate flow angles. The latter population appears most commonly at radar frequencies near 10–12 MHz, with its occurrence decreasing dramatically at higher frequencies. The velocity of the high Doppler shift echoes increases with increasing radar frequency, or irregularity wave number k. The velocity of the low Doppler shift population appears to be suppressed significantly below the line-of-sight component of the electron drift. Initial estimates of the altitude from which scatter occurs suggest that the high Doppler shift echoes originate from higher in the E-region than the low Doppler shift echoes, certainly in the eastward electrojet. We discuss these observations with reference to the theories of de/stabilization of two-stream waves by electron density gradients and electrostatic ion cyclotron waves excited by field-parallel electron drifts.

Funding

CUTLASS is supported by the Particle Physics and Astronomy Research Council (PPARC grant no. PPA/R/R/1997/00256), UK, the Swedish Institute for Space Physics, Uppsala, and the Finnish Meteorological Institute, Helsinki

History

Citation

Annales Geophysicae, 2003, 21 (3), pp. 761-777 (17)

Author affiliation

/Organisation/COLLEGE OF SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING/Department of Physics and Astronomy

Version

VoR (Version of Record)

Published in

Annales Geophysicae

Publisher

European Geosciences Union (EGU), Copernicus Publications, Springer Verlag (Germany)

issn

0992-7689

eissn

1432-0576

Acceptance date

23/10/2002

Copyright date

2003

Available date

10/03/2017

Publisher version

http://www.ann-geophys.net/21/761/2003/

Language

en