C5DT00062A.pdf (755.64 kB)
Download file

O,N,N-pincer ligand effects on oxidatively induced carbon-chlorine coupling reactions at palladium

Download (755.64 kB)
journal contribution
posted on 08.12.2015, 12:13 by Luka A. Wright, Eric G. Hope, Gregory A. Solan, Warren B. Cross, Kuldip Singh
The syntheses of two families of sterically tuneable O,N,N pro-ligands are reported, namely the 2-(phenyl-2'-ol)-6-imine-pyridines, 2-(C6H4-2'-OH),6-(CMe=NAr)C5H3N [Ar = 4-i-PrC6H4 (HL1(a)), 2,6-i-Pr2C6H3 (HL1(b))] and the 2-(phenyl-2'-ol)-6-(amino-prop-2-yl)pyridines, 2-(C6H4-2'-OH),6-(CMe2NHAr)C5H3N [Ar = 4-i-PrC6H4 (HL2(a)), 2,6-i-Pr2C6H3 (HL2(b))], using straightforward synthetic approaches and in reasonable overall yields. Interaction of HL1(a/c) and HL2(a/b) with palladium(II) acetate affords the O,N,N-pincer complexes, [{2-(C6H4-2'-O)-6-(CMe=NAr)C5H3N}Pd(OAc)] (Ar = 4-i-PrC6H4 (1a), 2,6-i-Pr2C6H3 (1b)) and [{2-(C6H4-2'-O)-6-(CMe2NHAr)C5H3N}Pd(OAc)] (Ar = 4-i-PrC6H4 (2a), 2,6-i-Pr2C6H3 (2b)), which can be readily converted to their chloride derivatives, [{2-(C6H4-2'-O)-6-(CMe=NAr)C5H3N}PdCl] (Ar = 4-i-PrC6H4 (3a), 2,6-i-Pr2C6H3 (3b)) and [{2-(C6H4-2'-O)-6-(CMe2NHAr)C5H3N}PdCl] (Ar = 4-i-PrC6H4 (4a), 2,6-i-Pr2C6H3 (4b)), respectively, on reaction with an aqueous sodium chloride solution. Treating each of 3a, 3b, 4a and 4b with two equivalents of di-p-tolyliodonium triflate at 100 °C in a toluene/acetonitrile mixture affords varying amounts of 4-chlorotoluene along with the 4-iodotoluene by-product with the conversions highly dependent on the steric and backbone properties of the pincer complex employed (viz. 4a > 3a > 4b > 3b); notably, the least sterically bulky and most flexible amine-containing 4a reaches 90% conversion to 4-chlorotoluene in 15 h as opposed to 17% for imine-containing 3b. In the case of 3a, the inorganic palladium species recovered from the reaction has been identified as the Pd(II) salt [{2-(C6H4-2'-O)-6-(CMe=N(4-i-PrC6H4)C5H3N}Pd(NCMe)][O3SCF3] (5a), which was independently prepared by the reaction of 3a with silver triflate in acetonitrile. Single crystal X-ray structures are reported for HL1(a), HL2(a), 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a and 5a.

Funding

We thank the University of Leicester for financial assistance. Johnson Matthey PLC are thanked for their generous loan of palladium salts.

History

Citation

Dalton Transactions, 2015, 44 (13), pp. 6040-6051

Author affiliation

/Organisation/COLLEGE OF SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING/Department of Chemistry

Version

VoR (Version of Record)

Published in

Dalton Transactions

Publisher

Royal Society of Chemistry

issn

1477-9226

eissn

1477-9234

Acceptance date

12/02/2015

Available date

08/12/2015

Publisher version

http://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlehtml/2015/dt/c5dt00062a

Notes

CCDC 1040521–1040528. For crystallographic data in CIF or other electronic format see DOI: 10.1039/c5dt00062a

Language

en

Usage metrics

Categories

Keywords

Exports