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Older adults make greater use of word predictability in Chinese reading

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journal contribution
posted on 22.07.2019, 08:36 by S Zhao, L Lin, M Chang, Q Xu, K Zhang, J Wang, K Paterson
An influential account of normative aging effects on reading holds that older adults make greater use of contextual predictability to facilitate word identification. However, supporting evidence is scarce. Accordingly, we used measures of eye movements to experimentally investigate age differences in word predictability effects in Chinese reading, as this non-alphabetic language has characteristics that may promote such effects. Wordskipping rates were higher and reading times lower for more highly predictable words for both age groups. Effects of word predictability on word-skipping did not differ across the two adult age groups. However, word predictability effects in reading time measures sensitive to both lexical identification (i.e., gaze duration) and contextual integration (i.e., regression-path reading times) were larger for the older than younger adults. Our findings therefore reveal that older Chinese readers make greater use of a word’s predictability to facilitate both its lexical identification and integration with the prior sentence context.

Funding

The research was supported by a grant from National Science Foundation of China to Jingxin Wang (81771823), and 1000 Talents Visiting Professorship to Kevin Paterson.

History

Citation

Psychology and Aging, 34(6), 780–790. https://doi.org/10.1037/pag0000382

Author affiliation

/Organisation/COLLEGE OF LIFE SCIENCES/Biological Sciences/Neuroscience, Psychology and Behaviour

Version

AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Published in

Psychology and Aging

Volume

34

Issue

6

Pagination

780-790

Publisher

American Psychological Association

issn

1939-1498

Acceptance date

30/06/2019

Copyright date

2019

Available date

10/05/2021

Notes

Data files and related resources are available from the University of Leicester online Figshare repository: https://leicester.figshare.com/s/f64ad508829abb339376;The file associated with this record is under embargo until publication, in accordance with the publisher's self-archiving policy. The full text may be available through the publisher links provided above.

Language

en