Patchy, not patchy, or how much patchy? Classification of spatial patterns appearing in a model of biological invasion
journal contributionposted on 13.02.2018, 15:03 by N. Petrovskaya, S. Petrovskii, W. Zhang
Good understanding of spatiotemporal patterns of species spread during biological invasion is needed for efficient monitoring and control of harmful alien pests. Various growth-dispersal-type models of population dynamics predict that invasive species spread can follow two qualitatively different scenarios such as the propagation of a continuous population front and the “no-front” patchy invasion. Distinguishing between these two patterns of spread is important, in particular because the patchy invasion poses a much greater challenge for monitoring and control. However, a mathematical theory of the patchy invasion is missing and it remains unclear what are the restrictions on parameter values and how much different this dynamical regime is from the continuous front propagation. In this paper, we address these issues in terms of a biologically meaningful mathematical model consisting of two coupled integral-difference equations. We show that the relevant domain of the parameter space has a complex intermittent structure. We also suggest a criterion that can be used to distinguish between the patchy invasion and the continuous front propagation: the patchy-invasion spatial pattern is shown to be much more sensitive to the cutoff at low densities.
CitationMathematical Modelling of Natural Phenomena, 2017, 12 (6), pp. 208-225 (18)
Author affiliation/Organisation/COLLEGE OF SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING/Department of Mathematics
VersionVoR (Version of Record)
Published inMathematical Modelling of Natural Phenomena
Science & TechnologyLife Sciences & BiomedicinePhysical SciencesMathematical & Computational BiologyMathematics, Interdisciplinary ApplicationsMultidisciplinary SciencesMathematicsScience & Technology - Other Topicspatchy invasionpatchy spreadpattern formationpredator-prey systemPREDATOR-PREY SYSTEMGROWTH-DISPERSAL MODELSGYPSY-MOTH INVASIONNORTH-AMERICASPATIOTEMPORAL COMPLEXITYPOPULATION-DYNAMICSDIFFUSIONSPREADCHAOSENVIRONMENTS