Patient factors associated with onabotulinum toxin A treatment outcome in women with detrusor overactivity
journal contributionposted on 08.02.2016, 10:23 by Rhiannon K. Owen, Keith R. Abrams, Christopher Mayne, M. Slack, Douglas Gordon Tincello
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate potential predictors of non-response to treatment with 200U onabotulinum toxin A (onaBoNTA) in women with refractory detrusor overactivity (DO). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A secondary analysis of a randomized trial of 200U onaBoNTA versus placebo in women with refractory DO analyzed baseline and 6 week follow-up data. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression were used to assess demographic factors and baseline clinical parameters on non-response to treatment defined as 20% or less improvement in urinary urgency and leakage episodes, 10% or less in voiding frequency, not achieving continence, and "no change" or worse on PGI-I score at 6 weeks. RESULTS: One Hundred and twenty-two women were included. Twenty-nine (23.8%), 24 (19.7%), and 19 (15.6%) were non-responders to treatment for urgency, voiding, and leakage episodes, respectively. Fifty-nine (48.4%) failed to achieve continence, and 28 (23%) were non-responders on the PGI-I scale. Smoking status (OR: 2.89 95%CI 1.08, 7.73, P = 0.034) predicted non-response in urgency episodes, and higher baseline leakage episodes (OR: 1.17 95%CI 1.04, 1.31, P = 0.007) predicted non-response in achieving continence. Increasing age (OR 1.04, 95%CI 1.0, 1.09, P = 0.063) and body mass index (BMI) (OR 1.07, 95%CI 1.0, 1.16, P = 0.065) showed marginal associations with non-response on the PGI-I scale. CONCLUSION: onaBoNTA is an effective treatment for refractory DO, but some fail to respond. For identification of women at risk, our data indicate smokers should be advised of a lesser chance of successful treatment. Older women, those with high BMI and with more severe leakage also have a higher risk of failure. Neurourol. Urodynam. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.