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Physical Activity, Sedentary Time, and Cardiometabolic Health in Heavy Goods Vehicle Drivers

journal contribution
posted on 21.06.2022, 10:21 authored by Katharina Ruettger, Veronica Varela-Mato, Yu-Ling Chen, Charlotte L Edwardson, Amber Guest, Nicholas D Gilson, Laura J Gray, Nicola J Paine, Aron P Sherry, Mohsen Sayyah, Thomas Yates, James A King, Stacy A Clemes
Objective:Physical inactivity, prolonged sitting, and unhealthy dietary habits are common in Heavy Goods Vehicle (HGV) drivers. These factors increase risk of long-term health conditionsMethods:329 HGV drivers across 25 UK depots completed a health assessment, including questionnaire completion, and objectively measured anthropometrics, blood biomarkers, physical activity (PA), and sedentary behavior.Results:The sample demonstrated a high-risk cardiometabolic health profile. 88.1% were overweight or had obesity, and 11.9% had pre-diabetes or diabetes. 28.3% had hypertension, 83.6% had clinically elevated circulating low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol concentrations (>2mmol/l), and 66.6% had high total cholesterol levels (>4mmol/l). On workdays drivers accumulated 12 hours/day of sitting, 1.7 hours/day of light PA, and 9.8 mins/day of moderate-to-vigorous PA. Associations between light PA and cardiometabolic markers were observed.Conclusion:This sample presents high levels of inactivity, overweight, and obesity, and unhealthy cardiometabolic health profiles.

History

Citation

Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine: April 2022 - Volume 64 - Issue 4 - p e217-e223 doi: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000002484

Author affiliation

Department of Health Sciences, University of Leicester

Version

AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Published in

Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine

Volume

64

Issue

4

Pagination

E217 - E223

Publisher

Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins

issn

1076-2752

eissn

1536-5948

Copyright date

2022

Available date

01/04/2023

Spatial coverage

United States

Language

English