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Quantifying the impact of human visitation in two cave chambers on Mona Island (Puerto Rico): Implications for archaeological site conservation

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journal contribution
posted on 09.03.2017, 15:35 by R.-M. Vieten, A. Winter, Alice V. M. SAMSON, J. Cooper, L. J. Wrapson, P. N. Kambesis, M. J. Lace, M. A. Nieves
Recent archaeological research has discovered well preserved historic and pre-Columbian art covering numerous walls inside caves on Mona Island. Human visits can pose a serious threat to the long term conservation of these fragile engravings and paintings by increasing condensation corrosion rates. The quantification of environmental changes to caves related to human visitation is relevant for prediction of condensation corrosion processes and cave site management policies. This study addresses the threat of increased condensation corrosion to cave art. Data collected in two caves show changes in cave air temperature (T), relative humidity (RH) and CO2 partial pressure (pCO2) caused by visitation. Based on the environmental observations, cave air exchange times and condensation corrosion rates of different visitor group sizes were quantified. The corrosion rates increase with the number of visitors and also depend on the chamber ventilation characteristics. Periods of visitation might be the only times when condensation corrosion can occur, especially in cave chambers distant from the cave entrance. This evidence points out the need to develop a conservation management plan that takes account of visitation levels to ensure preservation for future generations.

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Citation

Cave and Karst Science, 2016, 43 (2), pp. 79-85

Author affiliation

/Organisation/COLLEGE OF SOCIAL SCIENCES, ARTS AND HUMANITIES/School of Archaeology and Ancient History

Version

VoR (Version of Record)

Published in

Cave and Karst Science

Publisher

British Cave Research Association

issn

1356-191X

Copyright date

2016

Available date

09/03/2017

Publisher version

http://bcra.org.uk/pub/candks/index.html?j=128

Language

en

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