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Ranking current and prospective NO2 pollution mitigation strategies: An environmental and economic modelling investigation in Oxford Street, London.

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journal contribution
posted on 03.08.2017, 09:27 by Antoine Pierre Rene Jeanjean, J. Gallagher, Paul Steven Monks, R. J. Leigh
Air pollution continues to be a problem in the urban environment. A range of different pollutant mitigation strategies that promote dispersion and deposition exist, but there is little evidence with respect to their comparative performance from both an environmental and economic perspective. This paper focuses on examining different NO2 mitigation strategies such as trees, buildings facades coated with photocatalytic paint and solid barriers in Oxford Street in London. The case study findings will support ranking the environmental and economic impacts of these different strategies to improve personal exposure conditions on the footpath and on the road in a real urban street canyon. CFD simulations of airflow and NO2 dispersion in Oxford Street in London were undertaken using the OpenFOAM software platform with the k-ε model, taking into account local prevailing wind conditions. Trees are shown to be the most cost-effective strategy, with a small reduction in NO2 concentrations of up to 0.7% on the road. However, solid barriers with and without the application of photocatalytic paint and an innovative material (20 times more expensive than trees) can improve air quality on the footpaths more substantially, up to 7.4%, yet this has a significant detrimental impact on NO2 concentrations (≤23.8%) on the road. Photocatalytic paint on building surfaces presented a minimal environmental reductions (1.2%) and economic (>100 times more expensive than trees) mitigation strategy. The findings recognised the differences between footpath and road concentrations occurred and that a focused examination of three pollution hotspots can provide more cost effective pollution mitigation. This study considers how a number of pollutant mitigation measures can be applied in a single street canyon and demonstrates the strengths and weaknesses of these strategies from economic and environmental perspectives. Further research is required to extrapolate the findings presented here to different street geometries.

Funding

We thank OpenFOAM Ltd for providing the platform software used in this study. This work was supported by the NERC knowledge exchange fellowship for Dr Roland Leigh under grant NE/L002930/1. This research used the ALICE High Performance Computing Facility at the University of Leicester.

History

Citation

Environmental Pollution, 225 (2017), 587-597

Author affiliation

/Organisation/COLLEGE OF SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING/Department of Physics and Astronomy

Version

VoR (Version of Record)

Published in

Environmental Pollution

Publisher

Elsevier

issn

0269-7491

eissn

1873-6424

Acceptance date

13/03/2017

Copyright date

2017

Available date

03/08/2017

Publisher version

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0269749116311332?via=ihub

Language

en