watermark (1).pdf (668.92 kB)
Download file

Recent autopolyploidization in a naturalized population of Mimulus guttatus (Phrymaceae)

Download (668.92 kB)
journal contribution
posted on 19.09.2017, 14:40 by Violeta I. Simón-Porcar, Jose L. Silva, Sofie Meeus, James D. Higgins, Mario Vallejo-Marín
Polyploidization can trigger rapid changes in morphology, ecology and genomics even in the absence of associated hybridization. However, disentangling the immediate biological consequences of genome duplication from the evolutionary change that subsequently accumulates in polyploid lineages requires the identification and analysis of recently formed polyploids. We investigated the incidence of polyploidization in introduced populations of Mimulus guttatus in the UK and report the discovery of a new mixed diploid–autopolyploid population in the Shetland Isles. We conducted a genetic analysis of six Shetland populations to investigate whether tetraploid individuals may have originated from local diploid plants and compared the morphology of tetraploids and local diploids to assess the phenotypic consequences of genome duplication. Autotetraploids are genetically close to sympatric diploids, suggesting that they have originated locally. Phenotypically, whole genome duplication has resulted in clear differences between ploidies, with tetraploids showing delayed phenology and larger flowers, leaves and stems than diploids. Our results support the hypothesis that novel evolutionary lineages can rapidly originate via polyploidization. The newly discovered autopolyploidization event in a non-native Mimulus population provides an opportunity to investigate the early causes and consequences of polyploidization in the wild.

History

Citation

Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 2017, box052

Author affiliation

/Organisation/COLLEGE OF MEDICINE, BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES AND PSYCHOLOGY/MBSP Non-Medical Departments/Department of Genetics

Version

VoR (Version of Record)

Published in

Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society

Publisher

Linnean Society of London

issn

0024-4074

eissn

1095-8339

Acceptance date

03/07/2017

Copyright date

2017

Available date

19/09/2017

Publisher version

https://academic.oup.com/botlinnean/article/doi/10.1093/botlinnean/box052/4080144/Recent-autopolyploidization-in-a-naturalized

Language

en

Usage metrics

Categories

Keywords

Exports