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Reelin Signaling Controls the Preference for Social Novelty in Zebrafish

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journal contribution
posted on 10.10.2019, 09:32 by Elisa Dalla Vecchia, Vincenzo Di Donato, Andrew M. J. Young, Filippo Del Bene, William H. J. Norton
Reelin (Reln) is an extracellular glycoprotein that is important for brain patterning. During development Reln coordinates the radial migration of postmitotic cortical neurons, cerebellar and hippocampal neurons, whereas it promotes dendrite maturation, synaptogenesis, synaptic transmission, plasticity and neurotransmitter release in the postnatal and adult brain. Genetic studies of human patients have demonstrated association between the RELN locus and autism spectrum disorder, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and Alzheimer’s disease. In this study we have characterized the behavioral phenotype of reelin (reln) mutant zebrafish, as well as two canonical signaling pathway targets DAB adaptor protein 1a (dab1a) and the very low density lipoprotein receptor (vldlr). Zebrafish reln–/– mutants display a selective reduction in preference for social novelty that is not observed in dab1a–/– or vldlr–/– mutant lines. They also exhibit an increase in 5-HT signaling in the hindbrain that parallels but does not underpin the alteration in social preference. These results suggest that zebrafish reln–/– mutants can be used to model some aspects of human diseases in which changes to Reln signaling alter social behavior.

Funding

The research leading to this publication received funding from the European Union’s Horizon2020 Research and Innovation Program under grant agreement no 643051.

History

Citation

Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, 2019, 13:214

Author affiliation

/Organisation/COLLEGE OF LIFE SCIENCES/Biological Sciences/Neuroscience, Psychology and Behaviour

Version

VoR (Version of Record)

Published in

Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience

Publisher

Frontiers Media

issn

1662-5153

Acceptance date

30/08/2019

Copyright date

2019

Available date

10/10/2019

Publisher version

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fnbeh.2019.00214/full

Notes

The datasets generated for this study are available on request to the corresponding author.

Language

en