Renal Function is the Main Predictor of Acute Kidney Injury after Endovascular Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair.
journal contributionposted on 05.07.2016, 13:12 by Athanasios Saratzis, Sarah Nduwayo, Pantelis Sarafidis, Robert D. Sayers, Matthew J. Bown
BACKGROUND: Postoperative acute kidney injury (AKI) may occur in up to 18% of elective endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) and has been associated with poor outcome; however, it is not clear which patients are at highest risk, to target renoprotection effectively. We sought to determine the predictive factors of AKI after elective EVAR. METHODS: Overall, 947 patients undergoing elective EVAR between January 2004 and December 2014 were analyzed, using prospectively collected data. Postoperative AKI was defined by serum creatinine change within 48 hr, as per the Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes guidelines. Cardiovascular and kidney-disease risk factors were entered in univariate and multivariate analyses to assess influence on AKI development. RESULTS: Overall, 167 (17.6%) patients developed AKI but only 2 patients required dialysis perioperatively. At multivariate analysis, adjusted for established AKI-risk factors and parameters that differed between groups at baseline, preoperative estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR; as per the chronic kidney disease epidemiology [CKD] formula); odds ratio (OR): 1.02 (per unit decrease); 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.003-1.041; P = 0.025; and chronic kidney disease (CKD) stage > 2 (OR: 1.28; 95% CI: 1.249-2.531, P = 0.001) were associated with development of AKI. CONCLUSIONS: AKI was common after elective infrarenal EVAR and preoperative renal function appears to be the main factor associated with AKI. Patients with a low eGFR need to be targeted with more aggressive renal protection.