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Simultaneous observations of the blazar PKS 2155-304 from ultra-violet to TeV energies

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posted on 18.06.2021, 09:57 by H Abdalla, R Adam, F Aharonian, F Ait Benkhali, EO Anguner, M Arakawa, C Arcaro, C Armand, H Ashkar, M Backes, V Barbosa Martins, M Barnard, Y Becherini, D Berge, K Bernlohr, R Blackwell, M Bottcher, C Boisson, J Bolmont, S Bonnefoy, J Bregeon, M Breuhaus, F Brun, P Brun, M Bryan, M Buechele, T Bulik, T Bylund, S Caroff, A Carosi, S Casanova, M Cerruti, T Chand, S Chandra, A Chen, S Colafrancesco, M Curylo, ID Davids, C Deil, J Devin, P deWilt, L Dirson, A Djannati-Atai, A Dmytriiev, A Donath, V Doroshenko, J Dyks, K Egberts, G Emery, J-P Ernenwein, S Eschbach, K Feijen, S Fegan, A Fiasson, G Fontaine, S Funk, M Fuessling, S Gabici, YA Gallant, F Gate, G Giavitto, L Giunti, D Glawion, JF Glicenstein, D Gottschall, M-H Grondin, J Hahn, M Haupt, G Heinzelmann, G Henri, G Hermann, JA Hinton, W Hofmann, C Hoischen, TL Holch, M Holler, D Horns, D Huber, H Iwasaki, M Jamrozy, D Jankowsky, F Jankowsky, A Jardin-Blicq, I Jung-Richardt, MA Kastendieck, M Katsuragawa, K Katarzynski, U Katz, D Khangulyan, B Khelifi, J King, S Klepser, W Kluzniak, Nu Komin, K Kosack, D Kostunin, M Kreter, G Lamanna, A Lemiere, M Lemoine-Goumard, J-P Lenain, E Leser, C Levy, T Lohse, I Lypova, J Mackey, J Majumdar, D Malyshev, V Marandon, A Marcowith, A Mares, C Mariaud, G Marti-Devesa, R Marx, G Maurin, PJ Meintjes, AMW Mitchell, R Moderski, M Mohamed, L Mohrmann, C Moore, E Moulin, J Muller, T Murach, S Nakashima, M de Naurois, H Ndiyavala, F Niederwanger, J Niemiec, L Oakes, P O'Brien, H Odaka, S Ohm, E de Ona Wilhelmi, M Ostrowski, I Oya, M Panter, RD Parsons, C Perennes, P-O Petrucci, B Peyaud, Q Piel, S Pita, V Poireau, A Priyana Noel, DA Prokhorov, H Prokoph, G Puehlhofer, M Punch, A Quirrenbach, S Raab, R Rauth, A Reimer, O Reimer, Q Remy, M Renaud, F Rieger, L Rinchiuso, C Romoli, G Rowell, B Rudak, E Ruiz-Velasco, V Sahakian, S Sailer, S Saito, DA Sanchez, A Santangelo, M Sasaki, R Schlickeiser, F Schussler, A Schulz, HM Schutte, U Schwanke, S Schwemmer, M Seglar-Arroyo, M Senniappan, AS Seyffert, N Shafi, K Shiningayamwe, R Simoni, A Sinha, H Sol, A Specovius, M Spir-Jacob, L Stawarz, R Steenkamp, C Stegmann, C Steppa, T Takahashi, T Tavernier, AM Taylor, R Terrier, D Tiziani, M Tluczykont, C Trichard, M Tsirou, N Tsuji, R Tuffs, Y Uchiyama, DJ van der Walt, C van Eldik, C van Rensburg, B van Soelen, G Vasileiadis, J Veh, C Venter, P Vincent, J Vink, HJ Voelk, T Vuillaume, Z Wadiasingh, SJ Wagner, R White, A Wierzcholska, R Yang, H Yoneda, M Zacharias, R Zanin, AA Zdziarski, A Zech, J Zorn, N Zywucka, GM Madejski, K Nalewajko, KK Madsen, J Chiang, M Balokovic, D Paneque, AK Furniss, M Hayashida, CM Urry, M Ajello, FA Harrison, B Giebels, D Stern, K Forster, P Giommi, M Perri, S Puccetti, A Zoglauer, G Tagliaferri
Here we report the results of the first ever contemporaneous multi-wavelength observation campaign on the BL Lac object PKS 2155−304 involving Swift, NuSTAR, Fermi-LAT, and H.E.S.S. The use of these instruments allows us to cover a broad energy range, which is important for disentangling the different radiative mechanisms. The source, observed from June 2013 to October 2013, was found in a low flux state with respect to previous observations but exhibited highly significant flux variability in the X-rays. The high-energy end of the synchrotron spectrum can be traced up to 40 keV without significant contamination by high-energy emission. A one-zone synchrotron self-Compton model was used to reproduce the broadband flux of the source for all the observations presented here but failed for previous observations made in April 2013. A lepto-hadronic solution was then explored to explain these earlier observational results.

Funding

The support of the Namibian authorities and of the University of Namibia in facilitating the construction and operation of H.E.S.S. is gratefully acknowledged, as is the support by the German Ministry for Education and Research (BMBF), the Max Planck Society, the German Research Foundation (DFG), the Helmholtz Association, the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation, the French Ministry of Higher Education, Research and Innovation, the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS/IN2P3 and CNRS/INSU), the Commissariat à l’énergie atomique et aux énergies alternatives (CEA), the U.K. Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC), the Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation, the National Science Centre, Poland grant no. 2016/22/M/ST9/00382, the South African Department of Science and Technology and National Research Foundation, the University of Namibia, the National Commission on Research, Science & Technology of Namibia (NCRST), the Austrian Federal Ministry of Education, Science and Research and the Austrian Science Fund (FWF), the Australian Research Council (ARC), the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science and by the University of Amsterdam. We appreciate the excellent work of the technical support staff in Berlin, Zeuthen, Heidelberg, Palaiseau, Paris, Saclay, Tübingen and in Namibia in the construction and operation of the equipment. This work benefited from services provided by the H.E.S.S. Virtual Organisation, supported by the national resource providers of the EGI Federation. The Fermi-LAT Collaboration acknowledges generous ongoing support from a number of agencies and institutes that have supported both the development and the operation of the LAT as well as scientific data analysis. These include the National Aeronautics and Space Administration and the Department of Energy in the United States, the Commissariat à l’Energie Atomique and the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique/Institut National de Physique Nucléaire et de Physique d

History

Citation

Simultaneous observations of the blazar PKS 2155−304 from ultra-violet to TeV energies H. Abdalla, R. Adam, F. Aharonian, F. Ait Benkhali, E. O. Angüner, M. Arakawa, C. Arcaro, C. Armand, H. Ashkar, M. Backes, V. Barbosa Martins, M. Barnard, Y. Becherini, D. Berge, K. Bernlöhr, R. Blackwell, M. Böttcher, C. Boisson, J. Bolmont, S. Bonnefoy, J. Bregeon, M. Breuhaus, F. Brun, P. Brun, M. Bryan, M. Büchele, T. Bulik, T. Bylund, S. Caroff, A. Carosi, S. Casanova, M. Cerruti, T. Chand, S. Chandra, A. Chen, S. Colafrancesco, M. Curyło, I. D. Davids, C. Deil, J. Devin, P. deWilt, L. Dirson, A. Djannati-Ataï, A. Dmytriiev, A. Donath, V. Doroshenko, J. Dyks, K. Egberts, G. Emery, J.-P. Ernenwein, S. Eschbach, K. Feijen, S. Fegan, A. Fiasson, G. Fontaine, S. Funk, M. Füßling, S. Gabici, Y. A. Gallant, F. Gaté, G. Giavitto, L. Giunti, D. Glawion, J. F. Glicenstein, D. Gottschall, M.-H. Grondin, J. Hahn, M. Haupt, G. Heinzelmann, G. Henri, G. Hermann, J. A. Hinton, W. Hofmann, C. Hoischen, T. L. Holch, M. Holler, D. Horns, D. Huber, H. Iwasaki, M. Jamrozy, D. Jankowsky, F. Jankowsky, A. Jardin-Blicq, I. Jung-Richardt, M. A. Kastendieck, K. Katarzyński, M. Katsuragawa, U. Katz, D. Khangulyan, B. Khélifi, J. King, S. Klepser, W. Kluźniak, Nu. Komin, K. Kosack, D. Kostunin, M. Kreter, G. Lamanna, A. Lemière, M. Lemoine-Goumard, J.-P. Lenain, E. Leser, C. Levy, T. Lohse, I. Lypova, J. Mackey, J. Majumdar, D. Malyshev, V. Marandon, A. Marcowith, A. Mares, C. Mariaud, G. Martí-Devesa, R. Marx, G. Maurin, P. J. Meintjes, A. M. W. Mitchell, R. Moderski, M. Mohamed, L. Mohrmann, C. Moore, E. Moulin, J. Muller, T. Murach, S. Nakashima, M. de Naurois, H. Ndiyavala, F. Niederwanger, J. Niemiec, L. Oakes, P. O’Brien, H. Odaka, S. Ohm, E. de Ona Wilhelmi, M. Ostrowski, I. Oya, M. Panter, R. D. Parsons, C. Perennes, P.-O. Petrucci, B. Peyaud, Q. Piel, S. Pita, V. Poireau, A. Priyana Noel, D. A. Prokhorov, H. Prokoph, G. Pühlhofer, M. Punch, A. Quirrenbach, S. Raab, R. Rauth, A. Reimer, O. Reimer, Q. Remy, M. Renaud, F. Rieger, L. Rinchiuso, C. Romoli, G. Rowell, B. Rudak, E. Ruiz-Velasco, V. Sahakian, S. Sailer, S. Saito, D. A. Sanchez, A. Santangelo, M. Sasaki, R. Schlickeiser, F. Schüssler, A. Schulz, H. M. Schutte, U. Schwanke, S. Schwemmer, M. Seglar-Arroyo, M. Senniappan, A. S. Seyffert, N. Shafi, K. Shiningayamwe, R. Simoni, A. Sinha, H. Sol, A. Specovius, M. Spir-Jacob, Ł. Stawarz, R. Steenkamp, C. Stegmann, C. Steppa, T. Takahashi, T. Tavernier, A. M. Taylor, R. Terrier, D. Tiziani, M. Tluczykont, C. Trichard, M. Tsirou, N. Tsuji, R. Tuffs, Y. Uchiyama, D. J. van der Walt, C. van Eldik, C. van Rensburg, B. van Soelen, G. Vasileiadis, J. Veh, C. Venter, P. Vincent, J. Vink, H. J. Völk, T. Vuillaume, Z. Wadiasingh, S. J. Wagner, R. White, A. Wierzcholska, R. Yang, H. Yoneda, M. Zacharias, R. Zanin, A. A. Zdziarski, A. Zech, J. Zorn, N. Żywucka, G. M. Madejski, K. Nalewajko, K. K. Madsen, J. Chiang, M. Baloković, D. Paneque, A. K. Furniss, M. Hayashida, C. M. Urry, M. Ajello, F. A. Harrison, B. Giebels, D. Stern, K. Forster, P. Giommi, M. Perri, S. Puccetti, A. Zoglauer and G. Tagliaferri A&A, 639 (2020) A42 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201936900

Version

VoR (Version of Record)

Published in

Astronomy and Astrophysics

Volume

639

Issue

A42

Publisher

European Southern Observatory (ESO) [Associate Organisation] EDP Sciences [Commercial Publisher]

issn

0004-6361

eissn

1432-0746

Acceptance date

12/12/2019

Copyright date

2019

Available date

18/06/2021

Language

English