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Surface-enhanced Raman scattering measurement from a lipid bilayer encapsulating a single decahedral nanoparticle mediated by an optical trap

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journal contribution
posted on 21.11.2016, 12:53 by A. J. Wright, J. L. Richens, J. P. Bramble, N. Cathcart, V. Kitaev, P. O'Shea, A. J. Hudson
We present a new technique for the study of model membranes on the length-scale of a single nano-sized liposome. Silver decahedral nanoparticles have been encapsulated by a model unilamellar lipid bilayer creating nano-sized lipid vesicles. The metal core has two roles (i) increasing the polarizability of vesicles, enabling a single vesicle to be isolated and confined in an optical trap, and (ii) enhancing Raman scattering from the bilayer, via the high surface-plasmon field at the sharp vertices of the decahedral particles. Combined this has allowed us to measure a Raman fingerprint from a single vesicle of 50 nm-diameter, containing just ∼104 lipid molecules in a bilayer membrane over a surface area of <0.01 μm2, equivalent to a volume of approximately 1 zepto-litre. Raman scattering is a weak and inefficient process and previous studies have required either a substantially larger bilayer area in order to obtain a detectable signal, or the tagging of lipid molecules with a chromophore to provide an indirect probe of the bilayer. Our approach is fully label-free and bio-compatible and, in the future, it will enable much more localized studies of the heterogeneous structure of lipid bilayers and of membrane-bound components than is currently possible.

Funding

This work was funded in part by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council of the UK (EPSRC), grant EP/ J017566/1. AJW acknowledges financial support from the Royal Academy of Engineering (UK)/EPSRC via a personal research fellowship. We thank Prof. K. Faulds and Dr S. Mabbott, University of Strathclyde, for useful initial discussions. VK and NC acknowledge NSERC (Canada) financial support.

History

Citation

Nanoscale, 2016, 8 (36), pp. 16395-16404

Author affiliation

/Organisation/COLLEGE OF SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING/Department of Chemistry

Version

VoR (Version of Record)

Published in

Nanoscale

Publisher

Royal Society of Chemistry

issn

2040-3364

eissn

2040-3372

Acceptance date

30/08/2016

Available date

21/11/2016

Publisher version

http://pubs.rsc.org/en/Content/ArticleLanding/2016/NR/C6NR05616D#!divAbstract

Language

en

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