The Evolution of Disk Winds from a Combined Study of Optical and Infrared Forbidden Lines
journal contributionposted on 14.06.2021, 10:04 by Ilaria Pascucci, Andrea Banzatti, Uma Gorti, Min Fang, Klaus Pontoppidan, Richard Alexander, Giulia Ballabio, Suzan Edwards, Colette Salyk, Germano Sacco, Ettore Flaccomio, Geoffrey A Blake, Andres Carmona, Cassandra Hall, Inga Kamp, Hans Ulrich Kaeufl, Gwendolyn Meeus, Michael Meyer, Tyler Pauly, Simon Steendam, Michael Sterzik
We analyze high-resolution (Δv≤10 km s-1) optical and infrared spectra covering the [O I] λ6300 and [Ne II] 12.81 μm lines from a sample of 31 disks in different evolutionary stages. Following work at optical wavelengths, we use Gaussian profiles to fit the [Ne II] lines and classify them into high-velocity component (HVC) or lowvelocity component (LVC) if the line centroid is more or less blueshifted than 30 km s-1 with respect to the stellar radial velocity, respectively. Unlike for the [O I], where an HVC is often accompanied by an LVC, all 17 sources with an [Ne II] detection have either an HVC or an LVC. [Ne II] HVCs are preferentially detected toward high accretors (Ṁacc > 10-8 Me⊙ yr-1), while LVCs are found in sources with low Ṁacc, low [O I] luminosity, and large infrared spectral index (n13-31). Interestingly, the [Ne II] and [O I] LVC luminosities display an opposite behavior with n13-31: as the inner dust disk depletes (higher n13-31), the [Ne II] luminosity increases while the [O I] weakens. The [Ne II] and [O I] HVC profiles are generally similar, with centroids and FWHMs showing the expected behavior from shocked gas in microjets. In contrast, the [Ne II] LVC profiles are typically more blueshifted and narrower than the [O I] profiles. The FWHM and centroid versus disk inclination suggest that the [Ne II] LVC predominantly traces unbound gas from a slow, wide-angle wind that has not lost completely the Keplerian signature from its launching region. We sketch an evolutionary scenario that could explain the combined [O I] and [Ne II] results and includes screening of hard (∼1 keV) X-rays in inner, mostly molecular, MHD winds.