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The First Swift Intensive AGN Accretion Disk Reverberation Mapping Survey

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posted on 20.08.2019, 11:33 by R Edelson, J Gelbord, E Cackett, BM Peterson, K Horne, AJ Barth, DA Starkey, M Bentz, WN Brandt, M Goad, M Joner, K Korista, H Netzer, K Page, P Uttley, S Vaughan, A Breeveld, SB Cenko, C Done, P Evans, M Fausnaugh, G Ferland, D Gonzalez-Buitrago, J Gropp, D Grupe, J Kaastra, J Kennea, G Kriss, S Mathur, M Mehdipour, D Mudd, J Nousek, T Schmidt, M Vestergaard, C Villforth
Swift intensive accretion disk reverberation mapping of four AGN yielded light curves sampled ∼200-350 times in 0.3-10 keV X-ray and six UV/optical bands. Uniform reduction and cross-correlation analysis of these data sets yields three main results: (1) The X-ray/UV correlations are much weaker than those within the UV/optical, posing severe problems for the lamp-post reprocessing model in which variations in a central X-ray corona drive and power those in the surrounding accretion disk. (2) The UV/optical interband lags are generally consistent with as predicted by the centrally illuminated thin accretion disk model. While the average interband lags are somewhat larger than predicted, these results alone are not inconsistent with the thin disk model given the large systematic uncertainties involved. (3) The one exception is the U band lags, which are on average a factor of ∼2.2 larger than predicted from the surrounding band data and fits. This excess appears to be due to diffuse continuum emission from the broad-line region (BLR). The precise mixing of disk and BLR components cannot be determined from these data alone. The lags in different AGN appear to scale with mass or luminosity. We also find that there are systematic differences between the uncertainties derived by JAVELIN versus more standard lag measurement techniques, with JAVELIN reporting smaller uncertainties by a factor of 2.5 on average. In order to be conservative only standard techniques were used in the analyses reported herein.

Funding

The authors note the crucial role played in this research by Neil Gehrels, the late director of Swift: without his decision to allow full 6-filter UVOT monitoring for the duration of these campaigns, these results would not have been possible. We also appreciate Ian McHardy's leadership of the third IDRM campaign, on NGC 4593, and Chris Kochanek's input on JAVELIN. R.E. and J.M.G. gratefully acknowledge support from NASA under the ADAP award 80NSSC17K0126. Research by A.J.B. is supported by NSF grant AST-1412693. K.H. acknowledges support from STFC grant ST/R000824/1. A. B. and K.P. acknowledge support from the UK Space Agency. M.C.B. gratefully acknowledges support from the National Science Foundation through CAREER grant AST-1253702. C.D. acknowledges the Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC) through grant ST/P000541/1 for support. M.V. gratefully acknowledges support from the Independent Research Fund Denmark via grant number DFF 4002-00275. SRON is supported financially by NWO, the Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research. Software: HEAsoft (v6.22.1; Arnaud 1996), FTOOLS (Blackburn 1995), sour (Edelson et al. 2017), JAVELIN (Zu et al. 2011).

History

Citation

Astrophysical Journal, 2019, 870 (2):123

Author affiliation

/Organisation/COLLEGE OF SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING/Department of Physics and Astronomy

Version

VoR (Version of Record)

Published in

Astrophysical Journal

Publisher

American Astronomical Society, IOP Publishing

issn

0004-637X

eissn

1538-4357

Acceptance date

12/11/2018

Copyright date

2019

Available date

20/08/2019

Publisher version

https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.3847/1538-4357/aaf3b4

Notes

Supporting material: machine-readable tables

Language

en

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