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The Transformation of Hokkaido from a Penal Colony to a Homeland Territory

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journal contribution
posted on 18.05.2018, 09:37 by Minako Sakata
This article focuses on penal transportation to Hokkaido and considers the role of convict transportation in nation-state building and empire-building in Japan. In the course of its discussion the fluidity of the status of the new Japanese territory of Hokkaido will be examined along with continuities of transportation and incarceration. Although Hokkaido was officially incorporated into Japan only in 1869, many Japanese politicians and intellectuals had believed ideologically that it had been a Japanese territory since the early modern period. Depending on the domestic and diplomatic matters confronting them, the Japanese modified the status of Hokkaido and their policy towards it. For example, to secure their borders with Russia the Japanese introduced penal transportation on the French model in 1881, but the Japanese Ministry of Justice later shifted their legal system to the German model and articles concerning transportation were deleted from the penal code. Nonetheless, the Japanese government continued to send long-term prisoners to Hokkaido, which was reframed as incarceration in a mainland prison.

History

Citation

International Review of Social History, 2018, in press

Version

AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Published in

International Review of Social History

Publisher

Cambridge University Press

issn

0020-8590

eissn

1469-512X

Copyright date

2018

Available date

18/05/2018

Publisher version

https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/international-review-of-social-history/article/transformation-of-hokkaido-from-penal-colony-to-homeland-territory/4A3F7C91B6D1F8361126E442A0FFC19B

Language

en

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