Final accepted version with Figures_The development of a social small-scale survey instrument of UK teachers.pdf (363.04 kB)
Download file

The development of a social small-scale survey instrument of UK teachers to study professional use (and not use) and attitudes to social media

Download (363.04 kB)
journal contribution
posted on 07.05.2015, 10:07 by Nathaniel I. Owen, Alison R. C. Fox, Terese M. Bird
This paper documents the creation, implementation and analysis of a survey instrument designed to reveal patterns of use and attitudes towards the value of social media by UK teachers. The study was motivated to discover which teachers use social media professionally, how they use it (both personally and professionally) and attitudes to social media as a professional tool (for their students’ and their own professional use). The instrument was created from verbal data from two focus group discussions regarding the use of social media in education. Attitude statements were included verbatim when practical. This instrument was placed online and practicing teachers invited to complete it (n=216). Exploratory factor analysis and hierarchical clustering identified nine factors from 54 attitude statements and five distinct teacher groups. The rich data allowed each group to be carefully defined, providing potentially invaluable information to school leaders when developing social media projects to recognise and accommodate the full range of teacher concerns and experience. The paper also addresses methodological concerns regarding instrument-creation, dealing with missing data and the impact of missing data on subsequent analysis.



International Journal of Research & Method in Education

Author affiliation

/Organisation/COLLEGE OF SOCIAL SCIENCE/School of Education


AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Published in

International Journal of Research & Method in Education


Taylor & Francis (Routledge)





Acceptance date


Copyright date


Available date


Publisher version


Accepted 19th January 2015. Embargo 18 months.